THE HADITH OF MUHAMMED
By Sahih Bukhari
Rubbing hands and feet with dust (Tayammum)
1, Book 7, Number 330:
1, Book 7, Number 331:
(the wife of the Prophet)
We set out with Allahs Apostle on one of his journeys till we reached
Al-Baida' or Dhatul-Jaish, a necklace of mine was broken (and lost).
Allah's Apostle stayed there to search for it, and so did the people
along with him. There was no water at that place, so the people went
to Abu- Bakr As-Siddiq and said, "Don't you see what 'Aisha has done?
She has made Allah's Apostle and the people stay where there is no water
and they have no water with them." Abu Bakr came while Allah's Apostle
was sleeping with his head on my thigh, He said, to me: "You have detained
Allah's Apostle and the people where there is no water and they have
no water with them.
So he admonished me and
said what Allah wished him to say and hit me on my flank with his hand.
Nothing prevented me from moving (because of pain) but the position
of Allah's Apostle on my thigh. Allah's Apostle got up when dawn broke
and there was no water. So Allah revealed the Divine Verses of Tayammum.
So they all performed Tayammum. Usaid bin Hudair said, "O the family
of Abu Bakr! This is not the first blessing of yours." Then the camel
on which I was riding was caused to move from its place and the necklace
was found beneath it.
1, Book 7, Number 332:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
The Prophet said, "I
have been given five things which were not given to any one else before
1. Allah made me victorious
by awe, (by His frightening my enemies) for a distance of one month's
2. The earth has been
made for me (and for my followers) a place for praying and a thing to
perform Tayammum, therefore anyone of my followers can pray wherever
the time of a prayer is due.
3. The booty has been
made Halal (lawful) for me yet it was not lawful for anyone else before
4. I have been given
the right of intercession (on the Day of Resurrection).
5. Every Prophet used
to be sent to his nation only but I have been sent to all mankind.
Narrated 'Urwa's father:
Aisha said, "I borrowed
a necklace from Asma' and it was lost. So Allah's Apostle sent a man
to search for it and he found it. Then the time of the prayer became
due and there was no water. They prayed (without ablution) and informed
Allah's Apostle about it, so the verse of Tayammum was revealed." Usaid
bin Hudair said to 'Aisha, "May Allah reward you. By Allah, whenever
anything happened which you did not like, Allah brought good for you
and for the Muslims in that."
Al-Jurf and the time
for the 'Asr prayer became due while he was at Marbad-AnNa'am (sheep-fold),
so he (performed Tayammum) and prayed there and then entered Medina
when the sun was still high but he did not repeat that prayer.
1, Book 7, Number 333:
1, Book 7, Number 334:
Narrated Abu Juhaim Al-Ansari:
The Prophet came from
the direction of Bir Jamal. A man met him and greeted him. But he did
not return back the greeting till he went to a (mud) wall and smeared
his hands and his face with its dust (performed Tayammum) and then returned
back the greeting.
1, Book 7, Number 335:
Narrated 'Abdur Rahman
A man came to 'Umar bin
Al-Khattab and said, "I became Junub but no water was available." 'Ammar
bin Yasir said to 'Umar, "Do you remember that you and I (became Junub
while both of us) were together on a journey and you didn't pray but
I rolled myself on the ground and prayed? I informed the Prophet about
it and he said, 'It would have been sufficient for you to do like this.'
The Prophet then stroked lightly the earth with his hands and then blew
off the dust and passed his hands over his face and hands."
1, Book 7, Number 336:
Narrated Said bin 'Abdur
Rahman bin Abza:
(on the authority of
his father who said) 'Ammar said so (the above Statement). And Shu'ba
stroked lightly the earth with his hands and brought them close to his
mouth (blew off the dust) and passed them over his face and then the
backs of his hands. 'Ammar said, "Ablution (meaning Tayammum here) is
sufficient for a Muslim if water is not available."
1, Book 7, Number 337:
Narrated 'Abdur Rahman
that while he was in
the company of 'Umar, 'Ammar said to 'Umar, "We were in a detachment
and became Junub and I blew the dust off my hands (performed the rolling
over the earth and prayed.)"
1, Book 7, Number 338:
Narrated 'Abdur Rahman
'Ammar said to 'Umar
"I rolled myself in the dust and came to the Prophet who said, 'Passing
dusted hands over the face and the backs of the hands is sufficient
for you.' "
1, Book 7, Number 339:
1, Book 7, Number 340:
The Prophet stroked the
earth with his hands and then passed them over his face and the backs
of his hands (while demonstrating Tayammum).
1, Book 7, Number 341:
Once we were traveling
with the Prophet and we carried on traveling till the last part of the
night and then we (halted at a place) and slept (deeply). There is nothing
sweeter than sleep for a traveler in the last part of the night. So
it was only the heat of the sun that made us to wake up and the first
to wake up was so and so, then so and so and then so and so (the narrator
'Auf said that Abu Raja' had told him their names but he had forgotten
them) and the fourth person to wake up was 'Umar bin Al-Khattab. And
whenever the Prophet used to sleep, nobody would wake up him till he
himself used to get up as we did not know what was happening (being
revealed) to him in his sleep. So, 'Umar got up and saw the condition
of the people, and he was a strict man, so he said, "Allahu Akbar" and
raised his voice with Takbir, and kept on saying loudly till the Prophet
got up because of it. When he got up, the people informed him about
what had happened to them. He said, "There is no harm (or it will not
be harmful). Depart!" So they departed from that place, and after covering
some distance the Prophet stopped and asked for some water to perform
the ablution. So he performed the ablution and the call for the prayer
was pronounced and he led the people in prayer. After he finished from
the prayer, he saw a man sitting aloof who had not prayed with the people.
He asked, "O so and so! What has prevented you from praying with us?"
He replied, "I am Junub and there is no water. " The Prophet said, "Perform
Tayammum with (clean) earth and that is sufficient for you."
Then the Prophet proceeded
on and the people complained to him of thirst. Thereupon he got down
and called a person (the narrator 'Auf added that Abu Raja' had named
him but he had forgotten) and 'Ali, and ordered them to go and bring
water. So they went in search of water and met a woman who was sitting
on her camel between two bags of water. They asked, "Where can we find
water?" She replied, "I was there (at the place of water) this hour
yesterday and my people are behind me." They requested her to accompany
them. She asked, "Where?" They said, "To Allah's Apostle ." She said,
"Do you mean the man who is called the Sabi, (with a new religion)?"
They replied, "Yes, the same person. So come along." They brought her
to the Prophet and narrated the whole story. He said, "Help her to dismount."
The Prophet asked for a pot, then he opened the mouths of the bags and
poured some water into the pot. Then he closed the big openings of the
bags and opened the small ones and the people were called upon to drink
and water their animals. So they all watered their animals and they
(too) all quenched their thirst and also gave water to others and last
of all the Prophet gave a pot full of water to the person who was Junub
and told him to pour it over his body. The woman was standing and watching
all that which they were doing with her water. By Allah, when her water
bags were returned the looked like as if they were more full (of water)
than they had been before (Miracle of Allah's Apostle) Then the Prophet
ordered us to collect something for her; so dates, flour and Sawiq were
collected which amounted to a good meal that was put in a piece of cloth.
She was helped to ride on her camel and that cloth full of food-stuff
was also placed in front of her and then the Prophet said to her, "We
have not taken your water but Allah has given water to us." She returned
home late. Her relatives asked her: "O so and so what has delayed you?"
She said, "A strange thing! Two men met me and took me to the man who
is called the Sabi' and he did such and such a thing. By Allah, he is
either the greatest magician between this and this (gesturing with her
index and middle fingers raising them towards the sky indicating the
heaven and the earth) or he is Allah's true Apostle."
Afterwards the Muslims
used to attack the pagans around her abode but never touched her village.
One day she said to her people, "I think that these people leave you
purposely. Have you got any inclination to Islam?" They obeyed her and
all of them embraced Islam.
Abu 'Abdultah said: The
word Saba'a means "The one who has deserted his old religion and embraced
a new religion." Abul 'Ailya said, "The Sabis are a sect of people of
the Scripture who recite the Book of Psalms."
1, Book 7, Number 342:
Narrated Abu Wail:
Abu Muisa said to'Abdullah
bin Mas'ud, "If one does not find water (for ablution) can he give up
the prayer?" Abdullah replied, "If you give the permission to perform
Tayammum they will perform Tayammum even if water was available if one
of them found it cold." Abu Musa said, "What about the statement of
'Ammar to 'Umar?" 'Abdullah replied, "Umar was not satisfied by his
1, Book 7, Number 343:
Narrated Shaqiq bin Salama:
I was with 'Abdullah
and Abu Musa; the latter asked the former, "O Abu AbdurRahman! What
is your opinion if somebody becomes Junub and no water is available?"
'Abdullah replied, "Do not pray till water is found." Abu Musa said,
"What do you say about the statement of 'Ammar (who was ordered by the
Prophet to perform Tayammum). The Prophet said to him: "Perform Tayammum
and that would be sufficient." 'Abdullah replied, "Don't you see that
'Umar was not satisfied by 'Ammar's statement?" Abu- Musa said, "All
right, leave 'Ammalr's statement, but what will you say about this verse
(of Tayammum)?" 'Abqiullah kept quiet and then said, "If we allowed
it, then they would probably perform Tayammum even if water was available,
if one of them found it (water) cold." The narrator added, "I said to
Shaqrq, "Then did 'Abdullah dislike to perform Tayammum because of this?"
He replied, "Yes."
1, Book 7, Number 344:
Shaqiq said, "While I
was sitting with 'Abdullah and Abu Musa Al-Ash-'ari, the latter asked
the former, 'If a person becomes Junub and does not find water for one
month, can he perform Tayammum and offer his prayer?' (He applied in
the negative). Abu Musa said, 'What do you say about this verse from
Surat "Al-Ma'ida": When you do not find water then perform Tayammum
with clean earth? 'Abdullah replied, 'If we allowed it then they would
probably perform Tayammum with clean earth even if water were available
but cold.' I said to Shaqiq, 'You then disliked to perform Tayammum
because of this?' Shaqiq said,'Yes.' (Shaqiq added), "Abu Musa said,
'Haven't you heard the statement of 'Ammar to 'Umar? He said: I was
sent out by Allah's Apostle for some job and I became Junub and could
not find water so I rolled myself over the dust (clean earth) like an
animal does, and when I told the Prophet of that he said, 'Like this
would have been sufficient.' The Prophet (saying so) lightly stroked
the earth with his hand once and blew it off, then passed his (left)
hand over the back of his right hand or his (right) hand over the back
of his left hand and then passed them over his face.' So 'Abdullah said
to Abu- Musa, 'Don't you know that 'Umar was not satisfied with 'Ammar's
Narrated Shaqiq: While
I was with 'Abdullah and Abu Musa, the latter said to the former, "Haven't
you heard the statement of 'Ammar to 'Umar? He said, "Allah's Apostle
sent you and me out and I became Junub and rolled myself in the dust
(clean earth) (for Tayammum). When we came to Allah's Apostle I told
him about it and he said, 'This would have been sufficient,' passing
his hands over his face and the backs of his hands once only.' "
Narrated 'Imran bin Husain
Allah's Apostle saw a
person sitting aloof and not praying with the people. He asked him,
"O so and so! What prevented you from offering the prayer with the people?"
He replied, "O Allah's Apostle! I am Junub and there is no water." The
Prophet said, "Perform Tayammum with clean earth and that will be sufficient
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