THE HADITH OF MUHAMMED
By Sahih Bukhari
Representation, Authorization, Business by Proxy
3, Book 38, Number 496:
3, Book 38, Number 497:
Narrated 'Ali: Allah's
Apostle ordered me to distribute the saddles and skins of the Budn which
3, Book 38, Number 498:
Narrated 'Uqba bin Amir:
that the Prophet had
given him sheep to distribute among his companions and a male kid was
left (after the distribution). When he informed the Prophet of it, he
said (to him), "Offer it as a sacrifice on your behalf."
3, Book 38, Number 499:
I got an agreement written
between me and Umaiya bin Khalaf that Umaiya would look after my property
(or family) in Mecca and I would look after his in Medina. When I mentioned
the word 'Ar-Rahman' in the documents, Umaiya said, "I do not know 'Ar-Rahman.'
Write down to me your name, (with which you called yourself) in the
Pre-lslamic Period of Ignorance." So, I wrote my name ' 'Abdu 'Amr'.
On the day (of the battle) of Badr, when all the people went to sleep,
I went up the hill to protect him. Bilal(1) saw him (i.e. Umaiya) and
went to a gathering of Ansar and said, "(Here is) Umaiya bin Khalaf!
Woe to me if he escapes!" So, a group of Ansar went out with Bilal to
follow us ('Abdur-Rahman and Umaiya). Being afraid that they would catch
us, I left Umaiya's son for them to keep them busy but the Ansar killed
the son and insisted on following us. Umaiya was a fat man, and when
they approached us, I told him to kneel down, and he knelt, and I laid
myself on him to protect him, but the Ansar killed him by passing their
swords underneath me, and one of them injured my foot with his sword.
(The sub narrator said, " 'Abdur-Rahman used to show us the trace of
the wound on the back of his foot.")
3, Book 38, Number 500:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri
and Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle employed
someone as a governor at Khaibar. When the man came to Medina, he brought
with him dates called Janib. The Prophet asked him, "Are all the dates
of Khaibar of this kind?" The man replied, "(No), we exchange two Sa's
of bad dates for one Sa of this kind of dates (i.e. Janib), or exchange
three Sa's for two." On that, the Prophet said, "Don't do so, as it
is a kind of usury (Riba) but sell the dates of inferior quality for
money, and then buy Janib with the money". The Prophet said the same
thing about dates sold by weight. (See Hadith No. 506).
3, Book 38, Number 501:
Narrated Ibn Ka'b bin
Malik from his father:
We had some sheep which
used to graze at Sala'. One of our slavegirls saw a sheep dying and
she broke a stone and slaughtered the sheep with it. My father said
to the people, "Don't eat it till I ask the Prophet about it (or till
I send somebody to ask the Prophet)." So, he asked or sent somebody
to ask the Prophet, and the Prophet permitted him to eat it. 'Ubaidullah
(a sub-narrator) said, "I admire that girl, for though she was a slave-girl,
she dared to slaughter the sheep . "
3, Book 38, Number 502:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet owed somebody
a camel of a certain age. When he came to demand it back, the Prophet
said (to some people), "Give him (his due)." When the people searched
for a camel of that age, they found none, but found a camel one year
older. The Prophet said, "Give (it to) him." On that, the man remarked,
"You have given me my right in full. May Allah give you in full." The
Prophet said, "The best amongst you is the one who pays the rights of
3, Book 38, Number 503:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
A man came to the Prophet
demanding his debts and behaved rudely. The companions of the Prophet
intended to harm him, but Allah's Apostle said (to them), "Leave him,
for the creditor (i.e. owner of a right) has the right to speak." Allah's
Apostle then said, "Give him a camel of the same age as that of his."
The people said, "O Allah's Apostle! There is only a camel that is older
than his." Allah's Apostle said, "Give (it to) him, for the best amongst
you is he who pays the rights of others handsomely."
3, Book 38, Number 504:
Narrated Marwan bin Al-Hakam
and Al-Miswar bin Makhrama:
When the delegates of
the tribe of Hawazin after embracing Islam, came to Allah's Apostle,
he got up. They appealed to him to return their properties and their
captives. Allah's Apostle said to them, "The most beloved statement
to me is the true one. So, you have the option of restoring your properties
or your captives, for I have delayed distributing them." The narrator
added, Allah's Apostle c had been waiting for them for more than ten
days on his return from Taif. When they realized that Allah's Apostle
would return to them only one of two things, they said, "We choose our
captives." So, Allah's Apostle got up in the gathering of the Muslims,
praised Allah as He deserved, and said, "Then after! These brethren
of yours have come to you with repentance and I see it proper to return
their captives to them. So, whoever amongst you likes to do that as
a favor, then he can do it, and whoever of you wants to stick to his
share till we pay him from the very first booty which Allah will give
us then he can do so." The people replied, "We agree to give up our
shares willingly as a favor for Allah's Apostle." Then Allah's Apostle
said, "We don't know who amongst you has agreed and who hasn't. Go back
and your chiefs may tell us your opinion." So, all of them returned
and their chiefs discussed the matter with them and then they (i.e.
their chiefs) came to Allah's Apostle to tell him that they (i.e. the
people) had given up their shares gladly and willingly.
3, Book 38, Number 505r:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
I was accompanying the
Prophet on a journey and was riding a slow camel that was lagging behind
the others. The Prophet passed by me and asked, "Who is this?" I replied,
"Jabir bin 'Abdullah." He asked, "What is the matter, (why are you late)?"
I replied, "I am riding a slow camel." He asked, "Do you have a stick?"
I replied in the affirmative. He said, "Give it to me." When I gave
it to him, he beat the camel and rebuked it. Then that camel surpassed
the others thenceforth. The Prophet said, "Sell it to me." I replied,
"It is (a gift) for you, O Allah's Apostle." He said, "Sell it to me.
I have bought it for four Dinars (gold pieces) and you can keep on riding
it till Medina." When we approached Medina, I started going (towards
my house). The Prophet said, "Where are you going?" I Sad, "I have married
a widow." He said, "Why have you not married a virgin to fondle with
each other?" I said, "My father died and left daughters, so I decided
to marry a widow (an experienced woman) (to look after them)." He said,
"Well done." When we reached Medina, Allah's Apostle said, "O Bilal,
pay him (the price of the camel) and give him extra money." Bilal gave
me four Dinars and one Qirat extra. (A sub-narrator said): Jabir added,
"The extra Qirat of Allah's Apostle never parted from me." The Qirat
was always in Jabir bin 'Abdullah's purse.
3, Book 38, Number 505t:
Narrated Sahl bin Sad:
A woman came to Allah's
Apostle and said, "O Allah's Apostle! I want to give up myself to you."
A man said, "Marry her to me." The Prophet said, "We agree to marry
her to you with what you know of the Qur'an by heart."
3, Book 38, Number 506:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle deputed
me to keep Sadaqat (al-Fitr) of Ramadan. A comer came and started taking
handfuls of the foodstuff (of the Sadaqa) (stealthily). I took hold
of him and said, "By Allah, I will take you to Allah's Apostle ." He
said, "I am needy and have many dependents, and I am in great need."
I released him, and in the morning Allah's Apostle asked me, "What did
your prisoner do yesterday?" I said, "O Allah's Apostle! The person
complained of being needy and of having many dependents, so, I pitied
him and let him go." Allah's Apostle said, "Indeed, he told you a lie
and he will be coming again." I believed that he would show up again
as Allah's Apostle had told me that he would return. So, I waited for
him watchfully. When he (showed up and) started stealing handfuls of
foodstuff, I caught hold of him again and said, "I will definitely take
you to Allah's Apostle. He said, "Leave me, for I am very needy and
have many dependents. I promise I will not come back again." I pitied
him and let him go.
In the morning Allah's
Apostle asked me, "What did your prisoner do." I replied, "O Allah's
Apostle! He complained of his great need and of too many dependents,
so I took pity on him and set him free." Allah's Apostle said, "Verily,
he told you a lie and he will return." I waited for him attentively
for the third time, and when he (came and) started stealing handfuls
of the foodstuff, I caught hold of him and said, "I will surely take
you to Allah's Apostle as it is the third time you promise not to return,
yet you break your promise and come." He said, "(Forgive me and) I will
teach you some words with which Allah will benefit you." I asked, "What
are they?" He replied, "Whenever you go to bed, recite "Ayat-al-Kursi"--
'Allahu la ilaha illa huwa-l-Haiy-ul Qaiyum' till you finish the whole
verse. (If you do so), Allah will appoint a guard for you who will stay
with you and no satan will come near you till morning. " So, I released
him. In the morning, Allah's Apostle asked, "What did your prisoner
do yesterday?" I replied, "He claimed that he would teach me some words
by which Allah will benefit me, so I let him go." Allah's Apostle asked,
"What are they?" I replied, "He said to me, 'Whenever you go to bed,
recite Ayat-al-Kursi from the beginning to the end ---- Allahu la ilaha
illa huwa-lHaiy-ul-Qaiyum----.' He further said to me, '(If you do so),
Allah will appoint a guard for you who will stay with you, and no satan
will come near you till morning.' (Abu Huraira or another sub-narrator)
added that they (the companions) were very keen to do good deeds. The
Prophet said, "He really spoke the truth, although he is an absolute
liar. Do you know whom you were talking to, these three nights, O Abu
Huraira?" Abu Huraira said, "No." He said, "It was Satan."
3, Book 38, Number 507:
Narrated Abu Said al-Khudri:
Once Bilal brought Barni
(i.e. a kind of dates) to the Prophet and the Prophet asked him, "From
where have you brought these?" Bilal replied, "I had some inferior type
of dates and exchanged two Sas of it for one Sa of Barni dates in order
to give it to the Prophet; to eat." Thereupon the Prophet said, "Beware!
Beware! This is definitely Riba (usury)! This is definitely Riba (Usury)!
Don't do so, but if you want to buy (a superior kind of dates) sell
the inferior dates for money and then buy the superior kind of dates
with that money."
3, Book 38, Number 508:
Concerning the Waqf of
'Umar: It was not sinful of the trustee (of the Waqf) to eat or provide
his friends from it, provided the trustee had no intention of collecting
fortune (for himself). Ibn 'Umar was the manager of the trust of 'Umar
and he used to give presents from it to those with whom he used to stay
3, Book 38, Number 509:
Narrated Zaid bin Khalid
and Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "O
Unais! Go to the wife of this (man) and if she confesses (that she has
committed illegal sexual intercourse), then stone her to death."
3, Book 38, Number 510:
Narrated 'Uqba bin Al-Harith:
When An-Nuaman or his
son was brought in a state of drunkenness, Allah's Apostle ordered all
those who were present in the house to beat him. I was one of those
who beat him. We beat him with shoes and palm-leaf stalks.
3, Book 38, Number 511:
I twisted the garlands
of the Hadis (i.e. animals for sacrifice) of Allah's Apostle with my
own hands. Then Allah's Apostle put them around their necks with his
own hands, and sent them with my father (to Mecca). Nothing legal was
regarded illegal for Allah's Apostle till the animals were slaughtered.
3, Book 38, Number 512:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
Abu Talha was the richest
man in Medina amongst the Ansar and Beeruha' (garden) was the most beloved
of his property, and it was situated opposite the mosque (of the Prophet.).
Allah's Apostle used to enter it and drink from its sweet water. When
the following Divine Verse were revealed: 'you will not attain righteousness
till you spend in charity of the things you love' (3.93), Abu Talha
got up in front of Allah's Apostle and said, "O Allah's Apostle! Allah
says in His Book, 'You will not attain righteousness unless you spend
(in charity) that which you love,' and verily, the most beloved to me
of my property is Beeruha (garden), so I give it in charity and hope
for its reward from Allah. O Allah's Apostle! Spend it wherever you
like." Allah's Apostle appreciated that and said, "That is perishable
wealth, that is perishable wealth. I have heard what you have said;
I suggest you to distribute it among your relatives." Abu Talha said,
"I will do so, O Allah's Apostle." So, Abu Talha distributed it among
his relatives and cousins. The sub-narrator (Malik) said: The Prophet
said: "That is a profitable wealth," instead of "perishable wealth".
Narrated Abu Musa:
The Prophet said, "An
honest treasurer who gives what he is ordered to give fully, perfectly
and willingly to the person to whom he is ordered to give, is regarded
as one of the two charitable persons."
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