THE HADITH OF MUHAMMED
By Sahih Bukhari
3, Book 48, Number 805:
3, Book 48, Number 806:
Narrated Urwa bin Al-Musayyab,
Alqama bin Waqqas and Ubaidullah bin Abdullah:
About the story of 'Aisha
and their narrations were similar attesting each other, when the liars
said what they invented about 'Aisha, and the Divine Inspiration was
delayed, Allah's Apostle sent for 'Ali and Usama to consult them in
divorcing his wife (i.e. 'Aisha). Usama said, "Keep your wife, as we
know nothing about her except good." Buraira said, "I cannot accuse
her of any defect except that she is still a young girl who sleeps,
neglecting her family's dough which the domestic goats come to eat (i.e.
she was too simpleminded to deceive her husband)." Allah's Apostle said,
"Who can help me to take revenge over the man who has harmed me by defaming
the reputation of my family? By Allah, I have not known about my family-anything
except good, and they mentioned (i.e. accused) a man about whom I did
not know anything except good."
3, Book 48, Number 807:
Narrated Abdullah bin
Allah's Apostle and Ubai
bin Kab Al-Ansari went to the garden where Ibn Saiyad used to live.
When Allah's Apostle entered (the garden), he (i.e. Allah's Apostle
) started hiding himself behind the datepalms as he wanted to hear secretly
the talk of Ibn Saiyad before the latter saw him. Ibn Saiyad wrapped
with a soft decorated sheet was lying on his bed murmuring. Ibn Saiyad's
mother saw the Prophet hiding behind the stems of the date-palms. She
addressed Ibn Saiyad saying, "O Saf, this is Muhammad." Hearing that
Ibn Saiyad stopped murmuring (or got cautious), the Prophet said, "If
she had left him undisturbed, he would have revealed his reality." (See
Hadith No. 290, Vol 4 for details)
3, Book 48, Number 808:
The wife of Rifa'a Al-Qurazi
came to the Prophet and said, "I was Rifa'a's wife, but he divorced
me and it was a final irrevocable divorce. Then I married AbdurRahman
bin Az-Zubair but he is impotent." The Prophet asked her 'Do you want
to remarry Rifa'a? You cannot unless you had a complete sexual relation
with your present husband." Abu Bakr was sitting with Allah's Apostle
and Khalid bin Said bin Al-'As was at the door waiting to be admitted.
He said, "O Abu Bakr! Do you hear what this (woman) is revealing frankly
before the Prophet ?"
3, Book 48, Number 809:
Narrated Abdullah bin
Abu Mulaika from 'Uqba bin Al-Harith:
Uqba married the daughter
of Abu Ihab bin Aziz, and then a woman came and said, "I suckled 'Uqba
and his wife." 'Uqba said to her, "I do not know that you have suckled
me, and you did not inform me." He then sent someone to the house of
Abu Ihab to enquire about that but they did not know that she had suckled
their daughter. Then 'Uqba went to the Prophet in Medina and asked him
about it. The Prophet said to him, "How (can you keep your wife) after
it has been said (that both of you were suckled by the same woman)?"
So, he divorced her and she was married to another (husband).
3, Book 48, Number 810:
Narrated 'Umar bin Al-Khattab:
People were (sometimes)
judged by the revealing of a Divine Inspiration during the lifetime
of Allah's Apostle but now there is no longer any more (new revelation).
Now we judge you by the deeds you practice publicly, so we will trust
and favor the one who does good deeds in front of us, and we will not
call him to account about what he is really doing in secret, for Allah
will judge him for that; but we will not trust or believe the one who
presents to us with an evil deed even if he claims that his intentions
3, Book 48, Number 811:
A funeral procession
passed in front of the Prophet and the people praised the deceased.
The Prophet said, "It has been affirmed (Paradise)." Then another funeral
procession passed by and the people talked badly of the deceased. The
Prophet said, "It has been affirmed (Hell)." Allah's Apostle was asked,
"O Allah's Apostle! You said it has been affirmed for both?" The Prophet
said, "The testimony of the people (is accepted), (for) the believer
are Allah's witnesses on the earth."
3, Book 48, Number 812:
Narrated Abu Al-Aswad:
Once I went to Medina
where there was an outbreak of disease and the people were dying rapidly.
I was sitting with 'Umar and a funeral procession passed by. The people
praised the deceased. 'Umar said, "It has been affirmed" (Paradise).
Then another funeral procession passed by. The people praised the deceased.
'Umar said, "It has been affirmed." (Paradise). Then another funeral
procession passed by. The people praised the deceased. 'Umar said, "It
has been affirmed (Paradise)." Then a third funeral procession passed
by and the people talked badly of the deceased. 'Umar said, "It has
been affirmed (Hell)." I asked Umar, "O chief of the believers! What
has been affirmed?" He said, "I have said what the Prophet said. He
said, 'Allah will admit into paradise any Muslim whose good character
is attested by four persons.' We asked the Prophet, 'If there were three
witnesses only?' He said, 'Even three.' We asked, 'If there were two
only?' He said, 'Even two.' But we did not ask him about one witness."
3, Book 48, Number 813:
Aflah asked the permission
to visit me but I did not allow him. He said, "Do you veil yourself
before me although I am your uncle?" 'Aisha said, "How is that?" Aflah
replied, "You were suckled by my brother's wife with my brother's milk."
I asked Allah's Apostle about it, and he said, "Allah is right, so permit
him to visit you."
3, Book 48, Number 814:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
The Prophet said about
Hamza's daughter, "I am not legally permitted to marry her, as foster
relations are treated like blood relations (in marital affairs). She
is the daughter of my foster brother."
3, Book 48, Number 815:
Narrated Amra bint 'Abdur-Rahman:
That 'Aisha the wife
of the Prophet told her uncle that once, while the Prophet was in her
house, she heard a man asking Hafsa's permission to enter her house.
'Aisha said, "I said, 'O Allah's Apostle! I think the man is Hafsa's
foster uncle.' " 'Aisha added, "O Allah's Apostle! There is a man asking
the permission to enter your house." Allah's Apostle replied, "I think
the man is Hafsa's foster uncle." 'Aisha said, "If so-and-so were living
(i.e. her foster uncle) would he be allowed to visit me?" Allah's Apostle
said, "Yes, he would, as the foster relations are treated like blood
relations (in marital affairs)."
3, Book 48, Number 816:
Once the Prophet came
to me while a man was in my house. He said, "O 'Aisha! Who is this (man)?"
I replied, "My foster brothers" He said, "O 'Aisha! Be sure about your
foster brothers, as fostership is only valid if it takes place in the
suckling period (before two years of age)."
3, Book 48, Number 817:
Narrated 'Urwa bin Az-Zubair:
A woman committed theft
in the Ghazwa of the Conquest (of Mecca) and she was taken to the Prophet
who ordered her hand to be cut off. 'Aisha said, "Her repentance was
perfect and she was married (later) and used to come to me (after that)
and I would present her needs to Allah's Apostle."
3, Book 48, Number 818:
Narrated Zaid bin Khalid:
Allah's Apostle ordered
that an unmarried man who committed illegal sexual intercourse be scourged
one hundred lashes and sent into exile for one year.
3, Book 48, Number 819:
Narrated An-Nu'man bin
My mother asked my father
to present me a gift from his property; and he gave it to me after some
hesitation. My mother said that she would not be satisfied unless the
Prophet was made a witness to it. I being a young boy, my father held
me by the hand and took me to the Prophet . He said to the Prophet,
"His mother, bint Rawaha, requested me to give this boy a gift." The
Prophet said, "Do you have other sons besides him?" He said, "Yes."
The Prophet said, "Do not make me a witness for injustice." Narrated
Ash-Shabi that the Prophet said, "I will not become a witness for injustice."
3, Book 48, Number 820:
Narrated Zahdam bin Mudrab:
I heard Imran bin Husain
saying, "The Prophet said, 'The best people are those living in my generation,
then those coming after them, and then those coming after (the second
generation)." Imran said "I do not know whether the Prophet mentioned
two or three generations after your present generation. The Prophet
added, 'There will be some people after you, who will be dishonest and
will not be trustworthy and will give witness (evidences) without being
asked to give witness, and will vow but will not fulfill their vows,
and fatness will appear among them."
3, Book 48, Number 821:
The Prophet said, "The
people of my generation are the best, then those who follow them, and
then whose who follow the latter. After that there will come some people
whose witness will go ahead of their oaths, and their oaths will go
ahead of their witness." Ibrahim (a sub-narrator) said, "We used to
be beaten for taking oaths by saying, 'I bear witness by the Name of
Allah or by the Covenant of Allah."
3, Book 48, Number 822:
The Prophet was asked
about the great sins He said, "They are:--
(1 ) To join others in
worship with Allah,
(2) To be undutiful to
(3) To kill a person
(which Allah has forbidden to kill) (i.e. to commit the crime of murdering).
(4) And to give a false
3, Book 48, Number 823:
Narrated Abu Bakra:
The Prophet said thrice,
"Should I inform you out the greatest of the great sins?" They said,
"Yes, O Allah's Apostle!" He said, "To join others in worship with Allah
and to be undutiful to one's parents." The Prophet then sat up after
he had been reclining (on a pillow) and said, "And I warn you against
giving a false witness, and he kept on saying that warning till we thought
he would not stop. (See Hadith No. 7, Vol. 8)
3, Book 48, Number 824:
The Prophet heard a man
(reciting Quran) in the Mosque, and he said, "May Allah bestow His Mercy
upon him. No doubt, he made me remember such-and such Verses of such-and-such
Sura which I dropped (from my memory).
Narrated Aisha: The Prophet
performed the Tahajjud prayer in my house, and then he heard the voice
of 'Abbas who was praying in the Mosque, and said, "O 'Aisha! Is this
'Abbad's voice?" I said, "Yes." He said, "O Allah! Be merciful to 'Abbas!"
3, Book 48, Number 825:
Narrated Abdullah bin
The Prophet said, "Bilal
pronounces the Adhan when it is still night (before dawn), so eat and
drink till the next Adhan is pronounced (or till you hear Ibn Um Maktum's
Adhan)." Ibn Um Maktum was a blind man who would not pronounce the Adhan
till he was told that it was dawn.
3, Book 48, Number 826:
Narrated Al-Miswar bin
Some outer garments were
received the Prophet and my father (Makhrama) said to me, "Let us go
to the Prophet so that he may give us something from the garments."
So, my father stood at the door and spoke. The Prophet recognized his
voice and came out carrying a garment and telling Makhrama the good
qualities of that garment, adding, "I have kept this for you, I have
sent this for you."
3, Book 48, Number 827:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:
The Prophet said, "Isn't
the witness of a woman equal to half of that of a man?" The women said,
"Yes." He said, "This is because of the deficiency of a woman's mind."
This shows the way Islam degrades women. I am sick of hearing how good
Islam is to women. Muhammed saw them literally as half wits.
3, Book 48, Number 828:
Narrated Uqba bin Al-Harith:
That he had married Um
Yahya bint Abu Ihab. He said. "A black slave-lady came and said, 'I
suckled you both.' I then mentioned that to the Prophet who turned his
face aside." Uqba further said, "I went to the other side and told the
Prophet about it. He said, 'How can you (keep her as your wife) when
the lady has said that she suckled both of you (i.e. you and your wife?)"
So, the Prophet ordered him to divorce her.
3, Book 48, Number 829:
Narrated 'Uqba bin Al-Harith:
I married a woman and
later on a woman came and said, "I suckled you both." So, I went to
the Prophet (to ask him about it). He said, "How can you (keep her as
a wife) when it has been said (that you were foster brother and sister)?
Leave (divorce) her.
3, Book 48, Number 830:
(the wife of the Prophet)
"Whenever Allah's Apostle intended to go on a journey, he would draw
lots amongst his wives and would take with him the one upon whom the
lot fell. During a Ghazwa of his, he drew lots amongst us and the lot
fell upon me, and I proceeded with him after Allah had decreed the use
of the veil by women. I was carried in a Howdah (on the camel) and dismounted
while still in it. When Allah's Apostle was through with his Ghazwa
and returned home, and we approached the city of Medina, Allah's Apostle
ordered us to proceed at night. When the order of setting off was given,
I walked till I was past the army to answer the call of nature. After
finishing I returned (to the camp) to depart (with the others) and suddenly
realized that my necklace over my chest was missing. So, I returned
to look for it and was delayed because of that. The people who used
to carry me on the camel, came to my Howdah and put it on the back of
the camel, thinking that I was in it, as, at that time, women were light
in weight, and thin and lean, and did not use to eat much. So, those
people did not feel the difference in the heaviness of the Howdah while
lifting it, and they put it over the camel. At that time I was a young
lady. They set the camel moving and proceeded on. I found my necklace
after the army had gone, and came to their camp to find nobody. So,
I went to the place where I used to stay, thinking that they would discover
my absence and come back in my search. While in that state, I felt sleepy
Safwan bin Mu'attal As-Sulami
Adh-Dhakwani was behind the army and reached my abode in the morning.
When he saw a sleeping person, he came to me, and he used to see me
before veiling. So, I got up when I heard him saying, "Inna lil-lah-wa
inn a ilaihi rajiun (We are for Allah, and we will return to Him)."
He made his camel knell down. He got down from his camel, and put his
leg on the front legs of the camel and then I rode and sat over it.
Safwan set out walking, leading the camel by the rope till we reached
the army who had halted to take rest at midday. Then whoever was meant
for destruction, fell into destruction, (some people accused me falsely)
and the leader of the false accusers was 'Abdullah bin Ubai bin Salul.
After that we returned to Medina, and I became ill for one month while
the people were spreading the forged statements of the false accusers.
I was feeling during my ailment as if I were not receiving the usual
kindness from the Prophet which I used to receive from him when I got
sick. But he would come, greet and say, 'How is that (girl)?' I did
not know anything of what was going on till I recovered from my ailment
and went out with Um Mistah to the Manasi where we used to answer the
call of nature, and we used not to go to answer the call of nature except
from night to night and that was before we had lavatories near to our
houses. And this habit of ours was similar to the habit of the old 'Arabs
in the open country (or away from houses). So. I and Um Mistah bint
Ruhm went out walking. Um Mistah stumbled because of her long dress
and on that she said, 'Let Mistah be ruined.' I said, 'You are saying
a bad word. Why are you abusing a man who took part in (the battle of)
Badr?' She said, 'O Hanata (you there) didn't you hear what they said?'
Then she told me the rumors of the false accusers.
My sickness was aggravated,
and when I returned home, Allah's Apostle came to me, and after greeting
he said, 'How is that (girl)?' I requested him to allow me to go to
my parents. I wanted then to be sure of the news through them I Allah's
Apostle allowed me, and I went to my parents and asked my mother, 'What
are the people talking about?' She said, 'O my daughter! Don't worry
much about this matter. By Allah, never is there a charming woman loved
by her husband who has other wives, but the women would forge false
news about her.' I said, 'Glorified be Allah! Are the people really
taking of this matter?' That night I kept on weeping and could not sleep
till morning. In the morning Allah's Apostle called Ali bin Abu Talib
and Usama bin Zaid when he saw the Divine Inspiration delayed, to consul
them about divorcing his wife (i.e. 'Aisha). Usama bin Zaid said what
he knew of the good reputation of his wives and added, 'O Allah's Apostle!
Keep you wife, for, by Allah, we know nothing about her but good.' 'Ali
bin Abu Talib said, 'O Allah's Apostle! Allah has no imposed restrictions
on you, and there are many women other than she, yet you may ask the
woman-servant who will tell you the truth.' On that Allah's Apostle
called Buraira and said, 'O Burair. Did you ever see anything which
roused your suspicions about her?' Buraira said, 'No, by Allah Who has
sent you with the Truth, I have never seen in her anything faulty except
that she is a girl of immature age, who sometimes sleeps and leaves
the dough for the goats to eat.' On that day Allah's Apostle ascended
the pulpit and requested that somebody support him in punishing 'Abdullah
bin Ubai bin Salul. Allah's Apostle said, 'Who will support me to punish
that person ('Abdullah bin Ubai bin Salul) who has hurt me by slandering
the reputation of my family? By Allah, I know nothing about my family
but good, and they have accused a person about whom I know nothing except
good, and he never entered my house except in my company.'
Sad bin Mu'adh got up
and said, 'O Allah's Apostle! by Allah, I will relieve you from him.
If that man is from the tribe of the Aus, then we will chop his head
off, and if he is from our brothers, the Khazraj, then order us, and
we will fulfill your order.' On that Sad bin 'Ubada, the chief of the
Khazraj and before this incident, he had been a pious man, got up, motivated
by his zeal for his tribe and said, 'By Allah, you have told a lie;
you cannot kill him, and you will never be able to kill him.' On that
Usaid bin Al-Hadir got up and said (to Sad bin 'Ubada), 'By Allah! you
are a liar. By Allah, we will kill him; and you are a hypocrite, defending
the hypocrites.' On this the two tribes of Aus and Khazraj got excited
and were about to fight each other, while Allah's Apostle was standing
on the pulpit. He got down and quietened them till they became silent
and he kept quiet. On that day I kept on weeping so much so that neither
did my tears stop, nor could I sleep.
In the morning my parents
were with me and I had wept for two nights and a day, till I thought
my liver would burst from weeping. While they were sitting with me and
I was weeping, an Ansari woman asked my permission to enter, and I allowed
her to come in. She sat down and started weeping with me. While we were
in this state, Allah's Apostle came and sat down and he had never sat
with me since the day they forged the accusation. No revelation regarding
my case came to him for a month. He recited Tashah-hud (i.e. None has
the right to be worshipped but Allah and Muhammad is His Apostle) and
then said, 'O 'Aisha! I have been informed such-and-such about you;
if you are innocent, then Allah will soon reveal your innocence, and
if you have committed a sin, then repent to Allah and ask Him to forgive
you, for when a person confesses his sin and asks Allah for forgiveness,
Allah accepts his repentance.' When Allah's Apostle finished his speech
my tears ceased completely and there remained not even a single drop
of it. I requested my father to reply to Allah's Apostle on my behalf.
My father said, By Allah, I do not know what to say to Allah's Apostle.'
I said to my mother, 'Talk to Allah's Apostle on my behalf.' She said,
'By Allah, I do not know what to say to Allah's Apostle.
I was a young girl and
did not have much knowledge of the Quran. I said. 'I know, by Allah,
that you have listened to what people are saying and that has been planted
in your minds and you have taken it as a truth. Now, if I told you that
I am innocent and Allah knows that I am innocent, you would not believe
me and if I confessed to you falsely that I am guilty, and Allah knows
that I am innocent you would believe me. By Allah, I don't compare my
situation with you except to the situation of Joseph's father (i.e.
Jacob) who said, 'So (for me) patience is most fitting against that
which you assert and it is Allah (Alone) whose help can be sought.'
Then I turned to the other side of my bed hoping that Allah would prove
my innocence. By Allah I never thought that Allah would reveal Divine
Inspiration in my case, as I considered myself too inferior to be talked
of in the Holy Qur'an. I had hoped that Allah's Apostle might have a
dream in which Allah would prove my innocence. By Allah, Allah's Apostle
had not got up and nobody had left the house before the Divine Inspiration
came to Allah's Apostle. So, there overtook him the same state which
used to overtake him, (when he used to have, on being inspired divinely).
He was sweating so much so that the drops of the sweat were dropping
like pearls though it was a (cold) wintry day. When that state of Allah's
Apostle was over, he was smiling and the first word he said, 'Aisha!
Thank Allah, for Allah has declared your innocence.' My mother told
me to go to Allah's Apostle . I replied, 'By Allah I will not go to
him and will not thank but Allah.' So Allah revealed: "Verily! They
who spread the slander are a gang among you . . ." (24.11)
When Allah gave the declaration
of my Innocence, Abu Bakr, who used to provide for Mistah bin Uthatha
for he was his relative, said, 'By Allah, I will never provide Mistah
with anything because of what he said about Aisha.' But Allah later
"And let not those who
are good and wealthy among you swear not to help their kinsmen, those
in need and those who left their homes in Allah's Cause. Let them forgive
and overlook. Do you not wish that Allah should forgive you? Verily!
Allah is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful." (24.22) After that Abu Bakr
said, 'Yes ! By Allah! I like that Allah should forgive me,' and resumed
helping Mistah whom he used to help before.
Allah's Apostle also
asked Zainab bint Jahsh (i.e. the Prophet's wife about me saying, 'What
do you know and what did you see?' She replied, 'O Allah's Apostle!
I refrain to claim hearing or seeing what I have not heard or seen.
By Allah, I know nothing except goodness about Aisha." Aisha further
added "Zainab was competing with me (in her beauty and the Prophet's
love), yet Allah protected her (from being malicious), for she had piety."
3, Book 48, Number 831:
Narrated Abu Bakra:
A man praised another
man in front of the Prophet . The Prophet said to him, "Woe to you,
you have cut off your companion's neck, you have cut off your companion's
neck," repeating it several times and then added, "Whoever amongst you
has to praise his brother should say, 'I think that he is so and so,
and Allah knows exactly the truth, and I do not confirm anybody's good
conduct before Allah, but I think him so and so,' if he really knows
what he says about him."
3, Book 48, Number 832:
Narrated Abu Musa Al-Ashari:
The Prophet heard someone
praising another and exaggerating in his praise. The Prophet said, "You
have ruined or cut the man's back (by praising him so much).
3, Book 48, Number 833:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
Allah's Apostle called
me to present myself in front of him or the eve of the battle of Uhud,
while I was fourteen years of age at that time, and he did not allow
me to take part in that battle, but he called me in front of him on
the eve of the battle of the Trench when I was fifteen years old, and
he allowed me (to join the battle)." Nafi' said, "I went to 'Umar bin
'Abdul Aziz who was Caliph at that time and related the above narration
to him, He said, "This age (fifteen) is the limit between childhood
and manhood," and wrote to his governors to give salaries to those who
reached the age of fifteen.
3, Book 48, Number 834:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:
The Prophet said, "Bath
on Friday is compulsory for those who have attained the age of puberty."
3, Book 48, Number 835:
Allah's Apostle said,
"If somebody takes a false oath in order to get the property of a Muslim
(unjustly) by that oath, then Allah will be angry with him when he will
meet Him." Al-Ash'ath informed me, "By Allah! This was said regarding
me. There was a dispute about a piece of land between me and a man from
the Jews who denied my right. I took him to the Prophet. Allah's Apostle
asked me, 'Do you have an evidence?' I replied in the negative. He said
to the Jew, 'Take an oath.' I said, 'O Allah's Apostle! He will surely
take an oath and take my property unjustly." So, Allah revealed: "Verily!
Those who purchase a little gain at the cost of Allah's covenant and
their oaths . . . " (3.77)
3, Book 48, Number 836:
Narrated Ibn Abu Mulaika:
Ibn 'Abbas wrote that
the Prophet gave his verdict on the basis of the defendant's oath.
3, Book 48, Number 837:
Narrated Abu Wail:
Abdullah (bin Mas'ud)
said, "Whoever takes a (false) oath in order to grab some property (unjustly),
Allah will be angry with him when he will meet Him. Allah confirmed
that through His Divine Revelation: "Verily! Those who purchase a little
gain at the cost of Allah's covenant and their oaths . . . they will
have a painful punishment." (3.77)
Al-Ash'ath bin Qais came
to us and asked, 'What is Abu Abdur-Rahman (i.e. 'Abdullah) telling
you? 'We told him what he was narrating to us. He said, 'He was telling
the truth; this Divine Verse was revealed in connection with me. There
was a dispute between me and another man about something and the case
was filed before Allah's Apostle who said, 'Produce your two witnesses
or else the defendant is to take an oath.' I said, The defendant will
surely take a (false) oath caring for nothing.' The Prophet said, 'Whoever
takes a false oath in order to grab (other's) property, then Allah will
be angry with him when he will meet Him.' Then Allah revealed its confirmation.
Al-Ashath then recited the above Divine Verse." (3.77)
3, Book 48, Number 838:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
Hilal bin Umaiya accused
his wife before the Prophet of committing illegal sexual intercourse
with Sharik bin Sahma.' The Prophet said, "Produce a proof, or else
you would get the legal punishment (by being lashed) on your back."
Hilal said, "O Allah's Apostle! If anyone of us saw another man over
his wife, would he go to search for a proof." The Prophet went on saying,
"Produce a proof or else you would get the legal punishment (by being
lashed) on your back." The Prophet then mentioned the narration of Lian
(as in the Holy Book). (Surat-al-Nur: 24)
3, Book 48, Number 839:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "There are three persons whom Allah will neither
talk to nor look at, nor purify from (the sins), and they will have
a painful punishment. (They are):
(1) A man possessed superfluous
water on a way and he withheld it from the travelers.
(2) a man who gives a
pledge of allegiance to a Muslim ruler and gives it only for worldly
gains. If the ruler gives him what he wants, he remains obedient to
It, otherwise he does not abide by it, and
(3) a man bargains with
another man after the Asr prayer and the latter takes a false oath in
the Name of Allah) claiming that he has been offered so much for the
thing and the former (believes him and) buys it."
3, Book 48, Number 840:
Narrated Ibn Mas'ud:
The Prophet said, "Whoever
takes a (false) oath in order to grab (others) property, then Allah
will be angry with him when he will meet Him."
3, Book 48, Number 841:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet asked some
people to take an oath, and they hurried for it. The Prophet ordered
that lots should be drawn amongst them as to who would take an oath
3, Book 48, Number 842:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin
A man displayed some
goods in the market and took a false oath that he had been offered so
much for them though he was not offered that amount Then the following
Divine Verse was revealed:-- "Verily! Those who purchase a little gain
at the cost of Allah's covenant and their oaths . . . Will get painful
punishment." (3.77) Ibn Abu Aufa added, "Such person as described above
is a treacherous Riba-eater (i.e. eater of usury).
3, Book 48, Number 843:
Narrated Abu Wail from
The Prophet said, "Whoever
takes a false oath in order to grab another man's (or his brother's)
property, then Allah will be angry with him when he will meet him."
Then Allah confirmed this by revealing the Divine Verse: "Verily! Those
who purchase a little gain at the cost of Allah's Covenant and their
oaths . . . Will get painful punishment." (3.77) Al-Ash'ath met me and
asked, "What did 'Abdullah tell you today?" I said, "So and so." He
said, "The Verse was revealed regarding my case."
3, Book 48, Number 844:
Narrated Talha bin 'Ubaidullah:
A man came to Allah's
Apostle asking him about Islam, Allah's Apostle said, "You have to offer
five compulsory prayers in a day and a night (24 hours)." The man asked,
"Is there any more compulsory prayers for me?" Allah's Apostle said,
"No, unless you like to offer Nawafil (i.e. optional prayers)." Allah's
Apostle then added, "You have to observe fasts during the month of Ramadan."
The man said, "Am I to fast any other days?' Allah's Apostle said, "No,
unless you wish to observe the optional fast voluntarily." Then Allah's
Apostle told him about the compulsory Zakat. The man asked, "Do I have
to give anything besides?" Allah's Apostle said, "No, unless you wish
to give in charity voluntarily." So, the man departed saying, "By Allah
I will neither do more nor less than that." Allah's Apostle said, "If
he has said the truth he will be successful."
3, Book 48, Number 845:
The Prophet said, "Whoever
has to take an oath should swear by Allah or remain silent." (i.e. He
should not swear by other than Allah.)
3, Book 48, Number 846:
Narrated Um Salama:
Once Allah's Apostle
said, "You people present your cases to me and some of you may be more
eloquent and persuasive in presenting their argument. So, if I give
some one's right to another (wrongly) because of the latter's (tricky)
presentation of the case, I am really giving him a piece of fire; so
he should not take it."
3, Book 48, Number 847:
Narrated Abdullah bin
Abu Sufyan told me that
Heraclius said to him, "When I enquired you what he (i.e. Muhammad)
ordered you, you replied that he ordered you to establish the prayer,
to speak the truth, to be chaste, to keep promises and to pay back trusts."
Then Heraclius added, "These are really the qualities of a prophet."
3, Book 48, Number 848:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said,
"The signs of a hypocrite are three:
(1) whenever he speaks,
he tells a lie,
(2) whenever he is entrusted,
he proves to be dishonest,
(3) whenever he promises,
he breaks his promise.
3, Book 48, Number 849:
Narrated Muhammad bin
Jabir bin Abdullah said,
"When the Prophet died, Abu Bakr received some property from Al-Ala
bin Al-Hadrami. Abu Bakr said to the people, "Whoever has a money claim
on the Prophet, or was promised something by him, should come to us
(so that we may pay him his right)." Jabir added, "I said (to Abu Bakr),
Allah's Apostle promised me that he would give me this much, and this
much, and this much (spreading his hands three times)." Jabir added,
"Abu Bakr counted for me and handed me five-hundred (gold pieces), and
then five-hundred, and then five-hundred."
3, Book 48, Number 850:
Narrated Said bin Jubair:
A Jew from Hira asked
me which one of the two periods Musa (i.e. Prophet Moses) completed.
I said, "I don't know, (but wait) till I see the most learned 'Arab
and enquire him about it." So, I went to Ibn 'Abbas and asked him. He
replied, "Moses completed the longer and better period." Ibn 'Abbas
added, "No doubt, an apostle of Allah always does what he says."
3, Book 48, Number 851:
Narrated Ubaidullah bin
Abdullah bin Utba:
Ibn Abbas said, "O Muslims?
How do you ask the people of the Scriptures, though your Book (i.e.
the Quran) which was revealed to His Prophet is the most recent information
from Allah and you recite it, the Book that has not been distorted?
Allah has revealed to you that the people of the scriptures have changed
with their own hands what was revealed to them and they have said (as
regards their changed Scriptures): This is from Allah, in order to get
some worldly benefit thereby." Ibn Abbas added: "Isn't the knowledge
revealed to you sufficient to prevent you from asking them? By Allah
I have never seen any one of them asking (Muslims) about what has been
revealed to you."
3, Book 48, Number 852:
Narrated An-Nu'man bin
The Prophet said, "The
example of the person abiding by Allah's orders and limits (or the one
who abides by the limits and regulations prescribed by Allah) in comparison
to the one who do wrong and violate Allah's limits and orders is like
the example of people drawing lots for seats in a boat. Some of them
got seats in the upper part while the others in the lower part ; those
in the, lower part have to pass by those in the upper one to get water,
and that troubled the latter. One of them (i.e. the people in the lower
part) took an axe and started making a hole in the bottom of the boat.
The people of the upper part came and asked him, (saying), 'What is
wrong with you?' He replied, "You have been troubled much by my (coming
up to you), and I have to get water.' Now if they prevent him from doing
that they will save him and themselves, but if they leave him (to do
what he wants), they will destroy him and themselves."
3, Book 48, Number 853:
Narrated Um Al-Ala:
That when the Ansar drew
lots as to which of the emigrants should dwell with which of the Ansar,
the name of Uthman bin Mazun came out (to be in their lot). Um Al-Ala
further said, "Uthman stayed with us, and we nursed him when he got
sick, but he died. We shrouded him in his clothes, and Allah's Apostle
came to our house and I said, (addressing the dead 'Uthman), 'O Abu
As-Sa'ib! May Allah be merciful to you. I testify that Allah has blessed
you.' The Prophet said to me, "How do you know that Allah has blessed
him?" I replied, 'I do not know O Allah's Apostle! May my parents be
sacrificed for you.' Allah's Apostle said, 'As regards Uthman, by Allah
he has died and I really wish him every good, yet, by Allah, although
I am Allah's Apostle, I do not know what will be done to him.' Um Al-Ala
added, 'By Allah I shall never attest the piety of anybody after him.
And what Allah's Apostles said made me sad." Um Al-Ala further said,
"Once I slept and saw in a dream, a flowing stream for Uthman. So I
went to Allah's Apostle and told him about it, he said, 'That is (the
symbol of) his deeds."
3, Book 48, Number 854:
Whenever Allah's Apostle
intended to go on a journey, he used to draw lots among his wives and
would take with him the one on whom the lot fell. He also used to fix
for everyone of his wives a day and a night, but Sauda bint Zam'a gave
her day and night to 'Aisha, the wife of the Prophet intending thereby
to please Allah's Apostle.
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said,
"If the people knew what is the reward of making the call (for the prayer)
and (of being in) the first row (in the prayer), and if they found no
other way to get this privilege except by casting lots, they would certainly
cast lots for it. If they knew the reward of the noon prayer, they would
race for it, and if they knew the reward of the morning (i.e. Fajr)
and Isha prayers, they would present themselves for the prayer even
if they had to crawl to reach there.
TO HADITH INDEX
TO ENTRY PAGE