THE HADITH OF MUHAMMED
By Sahih Bukhari
Volume 7, Book 64, Number 263:
Volume 7, Book 64, Number 264:
said, "When a Muslim spends something on his family intending to receive
Allah's reward it is regarded as Sadaqa for him."
Volume 7, Book 64, Number 265:
said, "Allah said, 'O son of Adam! Spend, and I shall spend on you."
Volume 7, Book 64, Number 266:
said, "The one who looks after a widow or a poor person is like a Mujahid
(warrior) who fights for Allah's Cause, or like him who performs prayers
all the night and fasts all the day."
Volume 7, Book 64, Number 267:
visited me at Mecca while I was ill. I said (to him), "I have property;
May I bequeath all my property in Allah's Cause?" He said, "No." I said,
"Half of it?" He said, "No." I said, "One third of it?" He said, "One-third
(is alright), yet it is still too much, for you'd better leave your
inheritors wealthy than leave them poor, begging of others. Whatever
you spend will be considered a Sadaqa for you, even the mouthful of
food you put in the mouth of your wife. Anyhow Allah may let you recover,
so that some people may benefit by you and others be harmed by you."
Volume 7, Book 64, Number 268:
Volume 7, Book 64, Number 269:
said, 'The best alms is that which is given when one is rich, and a
giving hand is better than a taking one, and you should start first
to support your dependents.' A wife says, 'You should either provide
me with food or divorce me.' A slave says, 'Give me food and enjoy my
service." A son says, "Give me food; to whom do you leave me?" The people
said, "O Abu Huraira! Did you hear that from Allah's Apostle ?" He said,
"No, it is from my own self."
Volume 7, Book 64, Number 270:
said, "The best alms is that which you give when you are rich, and you
should start first to support your dependants."
Volume 7, Book 64, Number 271:
used to sell the dates of the garden of Bani An-Nadir and store for
his family so much food as would cover their needs for a whole year.
Volume 7, Book 64, Number 272:
bin Aus bin Al-Hadathan:
Once I set out
to visit 'Umar (bin Al-Khattab). (While I was sitting there with him
his gate-keeper, Yarfa, came and said, "Uthman AbdurRahman (bin 'Auf),
Az-Zubair and Sad (bin Abi Waqqas) are seeking permission (to meet you)."
'Umar said, "Yes. So he admitted them and they entered, greeted, and
sat down. After a short while Yarfa came again and said to 'Umar 'Shall
I admit 'Ali and 'Abbas?" 'Umar said, "Yes." He admitted them and when
they entered, they greeted and sat down. 'Abbas said, "O Chief of the
Believers! Judge between me and this ('Ali)." The group, 'Uthman and
his companions Sad, 'O Chief of the Believers! Judge between them and
relieve one from the other." 'Umar said. Wait! I beseech you by Allah,
by Whose permission both the Heaven and the Earth stand fast ! Do you
know that Allah's Apostle said. 'We (Apostles) do not bequeath anything
to our heirs, but whatever we leave is to be given in charity.' And
by that Allah's Apostles meant himself?" The group said, "He did say
so." 'Umar then turned towards 'All and 'Abbas and said. "I beseech
you both by Allah, do you know that Allah's Apostle said that?" They
said, 'Yes " 'Umar said, "Now, let me talk to you about this matter.
Allah favored His Apostle with something of this property (war booty)
which He did not give to anybody else. And Allah said:-- 'And what Allah
has bestowed on His Apostle (as Fai Booty) from them for which you made
no expedition with either cavalry or camelry . . . Allah is Able to
do all things.' (59.6) So this property was especially granted to Allah's
Apostle. But by Allah he neither withheld it from you, nor did he keep
it for himself and deprive you of it, but he gave it all to you and
distributed it among you till only this remained out of it. And out
of this property Allah's Apostle used to provide his family with their
yearly needs, and whatever remained, he would spend where Allah's Property
(the revenues of Zakat) used to be spent. Allah's Apostle kept on acting
like this throughout his lifetime. Now I beseech you by Allah, do you
know that?" They said, "Yes." Then 'Umar said to 'Ali and 'Abbas, "I
beseech you by Allah, do you both know that?" They said, "Yes." 'Umar
added, "When Allah had taken His Apostle unto Him, Abu Bakr said, 'I
am the successor of Allah's Apostle. So he took charge of that property
and did with it the same what Allah's Apostle used to do, and both of
you knew all about it then." Then 'Umar turned towards 'Ali and Abbas
and said, "You both claim that Abu- Bakr was so-and-so! But Allah knows
that he was honest, sincere, pious and right (in that matter). Then
Allah caused Abu Bakr to die, and i said, 'I am the successor of Allah's
Apostle and Abu Bakr.' So I kept this property in my possession for
the first two years of my rule, and I used to do the same with it as
Allah's Apostle and Abu Bakr used to do. Later both of you ('Ali and
'Abbas) came to me with the same claim and the same problem. (O 'Abbas!)
You came to me demanding your share from (the inheritance of) the son
of your brother, and he ('Ali) came to me demanding his wives share
from (the inheritance of) her father. So I said to you, 'If you wish
I will hand over this property to you, on condition that you both promise
me before Allah that you will manage it in the same way as Allah's Apostle
and Abu Bakr did, and as I have done since the beginning of my rule;
otherwise you should not speak to me about it.' So you both said, 'Hand
over this property to us on this condition.' And on this condition I
handed it over to you. I beseech you by Allah, did I hand it over to
them on that condition?" The group said, "Yes." 'Umar then faced 'Ali
and 'Abbas and said, "I beseech you both by Allah, did I hand it over
to you both on that condition?" They both said, "Yes." 'Umar added,
"Do you want me now to give a decision other than that? By Him with
Whose permission (order) both the Heaven and the Earth stand fast, I
will never give any decision other than that till the Hour is established!
But if you are unable to manage it (that property), then return it to
me and I will be sufficient for it on your behalf . "
Volume 7, Book 64, Number 273:
Hind bint 'Utba
came and said, "O Allah's Apostle! Abu Sufyan is a miser so is it sinful
of me to feed our children from his property?" Allah's Apostle said,
"No except if you take for your needs what is just and reasonable. "
Volume 7, Book 64, Number 274:
said, "If the wife gives of her husband's property (something in charity)
without his permission, he will get half the reward."
Volume 7, Book 64, Number 275:
to the Prophet complaining about the bad effect of the stone hand-mill
on her hand. She heard that the Prophet had received a few slave girls.
But (when she came there) she did not find him, so she mentioned her
problem to 'Aisha. When the Prophet came, 'Aisha informed him about
that. 'Ali added, "So the Prophet came to us when we had gone to bed.
We wanted to get up (on his arrival) but he said, 'Stay where you are."
Then he came and sat between me and her and I felt the coldness of his
feet on my abdomen. He said, "Shall I direct you to something better
than what you have requested? When you go to bed say 'Subhan Allah'
thirty-three times, 'Alhamdulillah' thirty three times, and Allahu Akbar'
thirty four times, for that is better for you than a servant."
Volume 7, Book 64, Number 276:
bin Abi Talib:
to the Prophet asking for a servant. He said, "May I inform you of something
better than that? When you go to bed, recite "Subhan Allah' thirty three
times, 'Alhamdulillah' thirty three times, and 'Allahu Akbar' thirty
four times. 'All added, 'I have never failed to recite it ever since."
Somebody asked, "Even on the night of the battle of Siffin?" He said,
"No, even on the night of the battle of Siffin."
Volume 7, Book 64, Number 277:
I asked 'Aisha
"What did the Prophet use to do at home?" She said, "He used to work
for his family, and when he heard the Adhan (call for the prayer), he
would go out."
Volume 7, Book 64, Number 278:
Hind bint 'Utba
said, "O Allah's Apostle! Abu Sufyan is a miser and he does not give
me what is sufficient for me and my children. Can I take of his property
without his knowledge?" The Prophet said, "Take what is sufficient for
you and your children, and the amount should be just and reasonable.
Volume 7, Book 64, Number 279:
said, "The best women among the camel riders, are the women of Quraish."
(Another narrator said) The Prophet said, "The righteous among the women
of Quraish are those who are kind to their young ones and who look after
their husband's property . "
Volume 7, Book 64, Number 280:
gave me a silk suit and I wore it, but when I noticed anger on his face,
I cut it and distributed it among my women-folk.
Volume 7, Book 64, Number 281:
My father died
and left seven or nine girls and I married a matron. Allah's Apostle
said to me, "O Jabir! Have you married?" I said, "Yes." He said, "A
virgin or a matron?" I replied, "A matron." he said, "Why not a virgin,
so that you might play with her and she with you, and you might amuse
her and she amuse you." I said, " 'Abdullah (my father) died and left
girls, and I dislike to marry a girl like them, so I married a lady
(matron) so that she may look after them." On that he said, "May Allah
bless you," or "That is good."
Volume 7, Book 64, Number 282:
A man came to
the Prophet and said, "I am ruined!" The Prophet said, "Why?" He said,
"I had sexual intercourse with my wife while fasting (in the month of
Ramadan)." The Prophet said to him, "Manumit a slave (as expiation)."
He replied, "I cannot afford that." The Prophet said, "Then fast for
two successive months." He said, "I cannot." The Prophet said, "Then
feed sixty poor persons." He said, "I have nothing to do that." In the
meantime a basket full of dates was brought to the Prophet . He said,
"Where is the questioner." The man said, "I am here." The Prophet said
(to him), "Give this (basket of dates) in charity (as expiation)." He
said, "O Allah's Apostle! Shall I give it to poorer people than us?
By Him Who sent you with the Truth, there is no family between Medina's
two mountains poorer than us." The Prophet smiled till his pre-molar
teeth became visible. He then said, "Then take it."
Volume 7, Book 64, Number 283:
I said, "O Allah's
Apostle! Shall I get a reward (in the Hereafter) if I spend on the children
of Abu Salama and do not leave them like this and like this (i.e., poor)
but treat them like my children?" The Prophet said, "Yes, you will be
rewarded for that which you will spend on them."
Volume 7, Book 64, Number 284:
Hind (bint 'Utba)
said, "O Allah's Apostle! Abu Sufyan is a miser. Is there any harm if
I take of his property what will cover me and my children's needs?"
The Prophet said, "Take (according to your needs) in a reasonable manner."
Volume 7, Book 64, Number 285:
A dead man in
debt used to be brought to Allah's Apostle who would ask, "Has he left
anything to re pay his debts?" If he was informed that he had left something
to cover his debts the Prophet would offer the funeral prayer for him;
otherwise he would say to the Muslims present there), "Offer the funeral
prayer for your friend:"but when Allah helped the Prophet to gain victory
(on his expeditions), he said, "I am closer to the Believers than themselves,
so. if one of the Believers dies in debt, I will repay it, but if he
leaves wealth, it will be for his heirs.
(the wife of
the Prophet) I said, "O Allah's Apostle! Will you marry my sister, the
daughter of Abu Sufyan." The Prophet said, "Do you like that?" I said,
"Yes, for I am not your only wife, and the person I like most to share
the good with me, is my sister." He said, "That is not lawful for me."
I said, "O Allah's Apostle! We have heard that you want to marry Durra,
the daughter of Abu Salama." He said, "You mean the daughter of Um Salama?"
I said, "Yes." He said, "Even if she were not my step-daughter, she
is unlawful for me, for she is my foster niece. Thuwaiba suckled me
and Abu Salama. So you should not present to me your daughters and sisters."
Thuwaiba had been a slave girl whom Abu Lahab had emancipated.
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