In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.
(All) praise is due to Allah, Who revealed the Book to His servant and did not
make in it any crookedness.
[18.2] Rightly directing, that he might
give warning of severe punishment from Him and give good news to the believers
who do good that they shall have a goodly reward,
[18.3] Staying in
it for ever;
[18.4] And warn those who say: Allah has taken a son.
[18.5] They have no knowledge of it, nor had their fathers; a grievous
word it is that comes out of their mouths; they speak nothing but a lie.
[18.6] Then maybe you will kill yourself with grief, sorrowing after them,
if they do not believe in this announcement.
[18.7] Surely We have
made whatever is on the earth an embellishment for it, so that We may try them
(as to) which of them is best in works.
[18.8] And most surely We
will make what is on it bare ground without herbage.
[18.9] Or, do
you think that the Fellows of the Cave and the Inscription were of Our wonderful
[18.10] When the youths sought refuge in the cave, they said:
Our Lord! grant us mercy from Thee, and provide for us a right course in our affair.
[18.11] So We prevented them from hearing in the cave for a number
[18.12] Then We raised them up that We might know which
of the two parties was best able to compute the time for which they remained.
[18.13] We relate to you their story with the truth; surely they were
youths who believed in their Lord and We increased them in guidance.
And We strengthened their hearts with patience, when they stood up and said: Our
Lord is the Lord of the heavens and the earth; we will by no means call upon any
god besides Him, for then indeed we should have said an extravagant thing.
[18.15] These our people have taken gods besides Him; why do they not produce
any clear authority in their support? Who is then more unjust than he who forges
a lie against Allah?
[18.16] And when you forsake them and what they
worship save Allah, betake yourselves for refuge to the cave; your Lord will extend
to you largely of His mercy and provide for you a profitable course in your affair.
[18.17] And you might see the sun when it rose, decline from their
cave towards the right hand, and when it set, leave them behind on the left while
they were in a wide space thereof. This is of the signs of Allah; whomsoever Allah
guides, he is the rightly guided one, and whomsoever He causes to err, you shall
not find for him any friend to lead (him) aright.
[18.18] And you
might think them awake while they were asleep and We turned them about to the
right and to the left, while their dog (lay) outstretching its paws at the entrance;
if you looked at them you would certainly turn back from them in flight, and you
would certainly be filled with awe because of them.
[18.19] And thus
did We rouse them that they might question each other. A speaker among them said:
How long have you tarried? They said: We have tarried for a day or a part of a
day. (Others) said: Your Lord knows best how long you have tarried. Now send one
of you with this silver (coin) of yours to the city, then let him see which of
them has purest food, so let him bring you provision from it, and let him behave
with gentleness, and by no means make your case known to any one:
For surely if they prevail against you they would stone you to death or force
you back to their religion, and then you will never succeed.
And thus did We make (men) to get knowledge of them that they might know that
Allah's promise is true and that as for the hour there is no doubt about it. When
they disputed among themselves about their affair and said: Erect an edifice over
them-- their Lord best knows them. Those who prevailed in their affair said: We
will certainly raise a masjid over them.
[18.22] (Some) say: (They
are) three, the fourth of them being their dog; and (others) say: Five, the sixth
of them being their dog, making conjectures at what is unknown; and (others yet)
say: Seven, and the eighth of them is their dog. Say: My Lord best knows their
number, none knows them but a few; therefore contend not in the matter of them
but with an outward contention, and do not question concerning them any of them.
[18.23] And do not say of anything: Surely I will do it tomorrow,
[18.24] Unless Allah pleases; and remember your Lord when you forget and
say: Maybe my Lord will guide me to a nearer course to the right than this.
[18.25] And they remained in their cave three hundred years and (some)
add (another) nine.
[18.26] Say: Allah knows best how long they remained;
to Him are (known) the unseen things of the heavens and the earth; how clear His
sight and how clear His hearing! There is none to be a guardian for them besides
Him, and He does not make any one His associate in His Judgment.
And recite what has been revealed to you of the Book of your Lord, there is none
who can alter His words; and you shall not find any refuge besides Him.
And withhold yourself with those who call on their Lord morning and evening desiring
His goodwill, and let not your eyes pass from them, desiring the beauties of this
world's life; and do not follow him whose heart We have made unmindful to Our
remembrance, and he follows his low desires and his case is one in which due bounds
[18.29] And say: The truth is from your Lord, so let
him who please believe, and let him who please disbelieve; surely We have prepared
for the iniquitous a fire, the curtains of which shall encompass them about; and
if they cry for water, they shall be given water like molten brass which will
scald their faces; evil the drink and ill the resting-place.
Surely (as for) those who believe and do good, We do not waste the reward of him
who does a good work.
[18.31] These it is for whom are gardens of
perpetuity beneath which rivers flow, ornaments shall be given to them therein
of bracelets of gold, and they shall wear green robes of fine silk and thick silk
brocade interwoven with gold, reclining therein on raised couches; excellent the
recompense and goodly the resting place.
[18.32] And set forth to
them a parable of two men; for one of them We made two gardens of grape vines,
and We surrounded them both with palms, and in the midst of them We made cornfields.
[18.33] . Both these gardens yielded their fruits, and failed not aught
thereof, and We caused a river to gush forth in their midst,
And he possessed much wealth; so he said to his companion, while he disputed with
him: I have greater wealth than you, and am mightier in followers.
And he entered his garden while he was unjust to himself. He said: I do not think
that this will ever perish
[18.36] And I do not think the hour will
come, and even if I am returned to my Lord I will most certainly find a returning
place better than this.
[18.37] His companion said to him while disputing
with him: Do you disbelieve in Him Who created you from dust, then from a small
seed, then He made you a perfect man?
[18.38] But as for me, He, Allah,
is my Lord, and I do not associate anyone with my Lord.
wherefore did you not say when you entered your garden: It is as Allah has pleased,
there is no power save in Allah? If you consider me to be inferior to you in wealth
[18.40] Then maybe my Lord will give me what is better
than your garden, and send on it a thunderbolt from heaven so that it shall become
even ground without plant,
[18.41] Or its waters should sink down
into the ground so that you are unable to find it.
[18.42] And his
wealth was destroyed; so he began to wring his hands for what he had spent on
it, while it lay, having fallen down upon its roofs, and he said: Ah me! would
that I had not associated anyone with my Lord.
[18.43] And he had
no host to help him besides Allah nor could he defend himself.
Here is protection only Allah's, the True One; He is best in (the giving of) reward
and best in requiting.
[18.45] And set forth to them parable of the
life of this world: like water which We send down from the cloud so the herbage
of the earth becomes tangled on account of it, then it becomes dry broken into
pieces which the winds scatter; and Allah is the holder of power over all things.
[18.46] Wealth and children are an adornment of the life of this world;
and the ever-abiding, the good works, are better with your Lord in reward and
better in expectation.
[18.47] And the day on which We will cause
the mountains to pass away and you will see the earth a levelled plain and We
will gather them and leave not any one of them behind.
they shall be brought before your Lord, standing in ranks: Now certainly you have
come to Us as We created you at first. Nay, you thought that We had not appointed
to you a time of the fulfillment of the promise.
[18.49] And the Book
shall be placed, then you will see the guilty fearing from what is in it, and
they will say: Ah! woe to us! what a book is this! it does not omit a small one
nor a great one, but numbers them (all); and what they had done they shall find
present (there); and your Lord does not deal unjustly with anyone.
And when We said to the angels: Make obeisance to Adam; they made obeisance but
Iblis (did it not). He was of the jinn, so he transgressed the commandment of
his Lord. What! would you then take him and his offspring for friends rather than
Me, and they are your enemies? Evil is (this) change for the unjust.
I did not make them witnesses of the creation of the heavens and the earth, nor
of the creation of their own souls; nor could I take those who lead (others) astray
[18.52] And on the day when He shall say: Call on those
whom you considered to be My associates. So they shall call on them, but they
shall not answer them, and We will cause a separation between them.
And the guilty shall see the fire, then they shall know that they are going to
fall into it, and they shall not find a place to which to turn away from it.
[18.54] And certainly We have explained in this Quran every kind of example,
and man is most of all given to contention.
[18.55] And nothing prevents
men from believing when the guidance comes to them, and from asking forgiveness
of their Lord, except that what happened to the ancients should overtake them,
or that the chastisement should come face to face with them.
And We do not send apostles but as givers of good news and warning, and those
who disbelieve make a false contention that they may render null thereby the truth,
and they take My communications and that with which they are warned for a mockery.
[18.57] And who is more unjust than he who is reminded of the communications
of his Lord, then he turns away from them and forgets what his two hands have
sent before? Surely We have placed veils over their hearts lest they should understand
it and a heaviness in their ears; and if you call them to the guidance, they will
not ever follow the right course in that case.
[18.58] And your Lord
is Forgiving, the Lord of Mercy; were He to punish them for what they earn, He
would certainly have hastened the chastisement for them; but for them there is
an appointed time from which they shall not find a refuge.
And (as for) these towns, We destroyed them when they acted unjustly, and We have
appointed a time for their destruction.
[18.60] And when Musa said
to his servant: I will not cease until I reach the junction of the two rivers
or I will go on for years.
[18.61] So when they had reached the junction
of the two (rivers) they forgot their fish, and it took its way into the sea,
[18.62] But when they had gone farther, he said to his
servant: Bring to us our morning meal, certainly we have met with fatigue from
this our journey.
[18.63] He said: Did you see when we took refuge
on the rock then I forgot the fish, and nothing made me forget to speak of it
but the Shaitan, and it took its way into the river; what a wonder!
He said: This is what we sought for; so they returned retracing their footsteps.
[18.65] Then they found one from among Our servants whom We had granted
mercy from Us and whom We had taught knowledge from Ourselves.
Musa said to him: Shall I follow you on condition that you should teach me right
knowledge of what you have been taught?
[18.67] He said: Surely you
cannot have patience with me
[18.68] And how can you have patience
in that of which you have not got a comprehensive knowledge?
He said: If Allah pleases, you will find me patient and I shall not disobey you
in any matter.
[18.70] He said: If you would follow me, then do not
question me about any thing until I myself speak to you about it
So they went (their way) until when they embarked in the boat he made a hole in
it. (Musa) said: Have you made a hole in it to drown its inmates? Certainly you
have done a grievous thing.
[18.72] He said: Did I not say that you
will not be able to have patience with me?
[18.73] He said: Blame
me not for what I forgot, and do not constrain me to a difficult thing in my affair.
[18.74] So they went on until, when they met a boy, he slew him. (Musa)
said: Have you slain an innocent person otherwise than for manslaughter? Certainly
you have done an evil thing.
[18.75] He said: Did I not say to you
that you will not be able to have patience with me?
[18.76] He said:
If I ask you about anything after this, keep me not in your company; indeed you
shall have (then) found an excuse in my case.
[18.77] So they went
on until when they came to the people of a town, they asked them for food, but
they refused to entertain them as guests. Then they found in it a wall which was
on the point of falling, so he put it into a right state. (Musa) said: If you
had pleased, you might certainly have taken a recompense for it.
He said: This shall be separation between me and you; now I will inform you of
the significance of that with which you could not have patience.
As for the boat, it belonged to (some) poor men who worked on the river and I
wished that I should damage it, and there was behind them a king who seized every
boat by force.
[18.80] And as for the boy, his parents were believers
and we feared lest he should make disobedience and ingratitude to come upon them:
[18.81] So we desired that their Lord might give them in his place
one better than him in purity and nearer to having compassion.
And as for the wall, it belonged to two orphan boys in the city, and there was
beneath it a treasure belonging to them, and their father was a righteous man;
so your Lord desired that they should attain their maturity and take out their
treasure, a mercy from your Lord, and I did not do it of my own accord. This is
the significance of that with which you could not have patience.
And they ask you about Zulqarnain. Say: I will recite to you an account of him.
[18.84] Surely We established him in the land and granted him means
of access to every thing.
[18.85] So he followed a course.
Until when he reached the place where the sun set, he found it going down into
a black sea, and found by it a people. We said: O Zulqarnain! either give them
a chastisement or do them a benefit.
[18.87] He said: As to him who
is injust, we will chastise him, then shall he be returned to his Lord, and He
will chastise him with an exemplary chastisement: And as for him who believes
and does good, he shall have goodly reward, and We will speak to him an easy word
of Our command.
[18.89] Then he followed (another) course.
Until when he reached the land of the rising of the sun, he found it rising on
a people to whom We had given no shelter from It;
[18.91] Even so!
and We had a full knowledge of what he had.
[18.92] Then he followed
[18.93] Until when he reached (a place) between
the two mountains, he found on that side of them a people who could hardly understand
[18.94] They said: O Zulqarnain! surely Gog and Magog make
mischief in the land. Shall we then pay you a tribute on condition that you should
raise a barrier between us and them
[18.95] He said: That in which
my Lord has established me is better, therefore you only help me with workers,
I will make a fortified barrier between you and them;
me blocks of iron; until when he had filled up the space between the two mountain
sides, he said: Blow, until when he had made it (as) fire, he said: Bring me molten
brass which I may pour over it.
[18.97] So they were not able to scale
it nor could they make a hole in it.
[18.98] He said: This is a mercy
from my Lord, but when the promise of my Lord comes to pass He will make it level
with the ground, and the promise of my Lord is ever true.
And on that day We will leave a part of them in conflict with another part, and
the trumpet will be blown, so We will gather them all together;
And We will bring forth hell, exposed to view, on that day before the unbelievers.
[18.101] They whose eyes were under a cover from My reminder and they
could not even hear.
[18.102] What! do then those who disbelieve think
that they can take My servants to be guardians besides Me? Surely We have prepared
hell for the entertainment of the unbelievers.
[18.103] Say: Shall
We inform you of the greatest losers in (their) deeds?
are) they whose labor is lost in this world's life and they think that they are
well versed in skill of the work of hands.
[18.105] These are they
who disbelieve in the communications of their Lord and His meeting, so their deeds
become null, and therefore We will not set up a balance for them on the day of
[18.106] Thus it is that their recompense is hell, because
they disbelieved and held My communications and My apostles in mockery.
Surely (as for) those who believe and do good deeds, their place of entertainment
shall be the gardens of paradise,
[18.108] Abiding therein; they shall
not desire removal from them.
[18.109] Say: If the sea were ink for
the words of my Lord, the sea would surely be consumed before the words of my
Lord are exhausted, though We were to bring the like of that (sea) to add
[18.110] Say: I am only a mortal like you; it is revealed to me that your
god is one God, therefore whoever hopes to meet his Lord, he should do good deeds,
and not join any one in the service of his Lord.