Children of Israel
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.
[17.1] Glory be to Him Who made His servant to go on a night from the
Sacred Mosque to the remote mosque of which We have blessed the precincts, so
that We may show to him some of Our signs; surely He is the Hearing, the Seeing.
[17.2] And We gave Musa the Book and made it a guidance to the children
of Israel, saying: Do not take a protector besides Me;
[17.3] The offspring
of those whom We bore with Nuh; surely he was a grateful servant.
And We had made known to the children of Israel in the Book: Most certainly you
will make mischief in the land twice, and most certainly you will behave insolently
with great insolence.
[17.5] So when the promise for the first of the
two came, We sent over you Our servants, of mighty prowess, so they went to and
fro among the houses, and it was a promise to be accomplished.
Then We gave you back the turn to prevail against them, and aided you with wealth
and children and made you a numerous band.
[17.7] If you do good, you
will do good for your own souls, and if you do evil, it shall be for them. So
when the second promise came (We raised another people) that they may bring you
to grief and that they may enter the mosque as they entered it the first time,
and that they might destroy whatever they gained ascendancy over with utter destruction.
[17.8] It may be that your Lord will have mercy on you, and if you again
return (to disobedience) We too will return (to punishment), and We have made
hell a prison for the unbelievers.
[17.9] Surely this Quran guides
to that which is most upright and gives good news to the believers who do good
that they shall have a great reward.
[17.10] And that (as for) those
who do not believe in the hereafter, We have prepared for them a painful chastisement.
[17.11] And man prays for evil as he ought to pray for good, and man is
[17.12] And We have made the night and the day two signs,
then We have made the sign of the night to pass away and We have made the sign
of the day manifest, so that you may seek grace from your Lord, and that you might
know the numbering of years and the reckoning; and We have explained everything
[17.13] And We have made every man's actions to
cling to his neck, and We will bring forth to him on the resurrection day a book
which he will find wide open:
[17.14] Read your book; your own self
is sufficient as a reckoner against you this day.
[17.15] Whoever goes
aright, for his own soul does he go aright; and whoever goes astray, to its detriment
only does he go astray: nor can the bearer of a burden bear the burden of another,
nor do We chastise until We raise an apostle.
[17.16] And when We wish
to destroy a town, We send Our commandment to the people of it who lead easy lives,
but they transgress therein; thus the word proves true against it, so We destroy
it with utter destruction.
[17.17] And how many of the generations
did We destroy after Nuh! and your Lord is sufficient as Knowing and Seeing with
regard to His servants' faults.
[17.18] Whoever desires this present
life, We hasten to him therein what We please for whomsoever We desire, then We
assign to him the hell; he shall enter it despised, driven away.
And whoever desires the hereafter and strives for it as he ought to strive and
he is a believer; (as for) these, their striving shall surely be accepted.
[17.20] All do We aid-- these as well as those-- out of the bounty of your
Lord, and the bounty of your Lord is not confined.
[17.21] See how
We have made some of them to excel others, and certainly the hereafter is much
superior in respect of excellence.
[17.22] Do not associate with Allah
any other god, lest you sit down despised, neglected.
[17.23] And your
Lord has commanded that you shall not serve (any) but Him, and goodness to your
parents. If either or both of them reach old age with you, say not to them (so
much as) "Ugh" nor chide them, and speak to them a generous word.
And make yourself submissively gentle to them with compassion, and say: O my Lord!
have compassion on them, as they brought me up (when I was) little.
Your Lord knows best what is in your minds; if you are good, then He is surely
Forgiving to those who turn (to Him) frequently.
[17.26] And give to
the near of kin his due and (to) the needy and the wayfarer, and do not squander
[17.27] Surely the squanderers are the fellows of the Shaitans
and the Shaitan is ever ungrateful to his Lord.
[17.28] And if you
turn away from them to seek mercy from your Lord, which you hope for, speak to
them a gentle word.
[17.29] And do not make your hand to be shackled
to your neck nor stretch it forth to the utmost (limit) of its stretching forth,
lest you should (afterwards) sit down blamed, stripped off.
Surely your Lord makes plentiful the means of subsistence for whom He pleases
and He straitens (them); surely He is ever Aware of, Seeing, His servants.
[17.31] And do not kill your children for fear of poverty; We give them
sustenance and yourselves (too); surely to kill them is a great wrong.
And go not nigh to fornication; surely it is an indecency and an evil way.
[17.33] And do not kill any one whom Allah has forbidden, except for a
just cause, and whoever is slain unjustly, We have indeed given to his heir authority,
so let him not exceed the just limits in slaying; surely he is aided.
And draw not near to the property of the orphan except in a goodly way till he
attains his maturity and fulfill the promise; surely (every) promise shall be
[17.35] And give full measure when you measure out,
and weigh with a true balance; this is fair and better in the end.
And follow not that of which you have not the knowledge; surely the hearing and
the sight and the heart, all of these, shall be questioned about that.
And do not go about in the land exultingly, for you cannot cut through the earth
nor reach the mountains in height.
[17.38] All this-- the evil of it--
is hateful in the sight of your Lord.
[17.39] This is of what your
Lord has revealed to you of wisdom, and do not associate any other god with Allah
lest you should be thrown into hell, blamed, cast away.
has then your Lord preferred to give you sons, and (for Himself) taken daughters
from among the angels? Most surely you utter a grievous saying.
And certainly We have repeated (warnings) in this Quran that they may be mindful,
but it does not add save to their aversion.
[17.42] Say: If there were
with Him gods as they say, then certainly they would have been able to seek a
way to the Lord of power.
[17.43] Glory be to Him and exalted be He
in high exaltation above what they say.
[17.44] The seven heavens declare
His glory and the earth (too), and those who are in them; and there is not a single
thing but glorifies Him with His praise, but you do not understand their glorification;
surely He is Forbearing, Forgiving.
[17.45] And when you recite the
Quran, We place between you and those who do not believe in the hereafter a hidden
[17.46] And We have placed coverings on their hearts and a
heaviness in their ears lest they understand it, and when you mention your Lord
alone in the Quran they turn their backs in aversion.
[17.47] We know
best what they listen to when they listen to you, and when they take counsel secretly,
when the unjust say: You follow only a man deprived of reason.
See what they liken you to! So they have gone astray and cannot find the way.
[17.49] And they say: What! when we shall have become bones and decayed
particles, shall we then certainly be raised up, being a new creation?
Say: Become stones or iron,
[17.51] Or some other creature of those
which are too hard (to receive life) in your minds! But they will say: Who will
return us? Say: Who created you at first. Still they will shake their heads at
you and say: When will it be? Say: Maybe it has drawn nigh.
On the day when He will call you forth, then shall you obey Him, giving Him praise,
and you will think that you tarried but a little (while).
say to My servants (that) they speak that which is best; surely the Shaitan sows
dissensions among them; surely the Shaitan is an open enemy to man.
Your Lord knows you best; He will have mercy on you if He pleases, or He will
chastise you if He pleases; and We have not sent you as being in charge of them.
[17.55] And your Lord best knows those who are in the heavens and the earth;
and certainly We have made some of the prophets to excel others, and to Dawood
We gave a scripture.
[17.56] Say: Call on those whom you assert besides
Him, so they shall not control the removal of distress from you nor (its) transference.
[17.57] Those whom they call upon, themselves seek the means of access
to their Lord-- whoever of them is nearest-- and they hope for His mercy and fear
His chastisement; surely the chastisement of your Lord is a thing to be cautious
[17.58] And there is not a town but We will destroy it before the
day of resurrection or chastise it with a severe chastisement; this is written
in the Divine ordinance.
[17.59] And nothing could have hindered Us
that We should send signs except that the ancients rejected them; and We gave
to Samood the she-camel-- a manifest sign-- but on her account they did injustice,
and We do not send signs but to make (men) fear.
[17.60] And when We
said to you: Surely your Lord encompasses men; and We did not make the vision
which We showed you but a trial for men and the cursed tree in the Quran as well;
and We cause them to fear, but it only adds to their great inordinacy.
And when We said to the angels: Make obeisance to Adam; they made obeisance, but
Iblis (did it not). He said: Shall I make obeisance to him whom Thou hast created
[17.62] He said: Tell me, is this he whom Thou hast honored
above me? If Thou shouldst respite me to the day of resurrection, I will most
certainly cause his progeny to perish except a few.
[17.63] He said:
Be gone! for whoever of them will follow you, then surely hell is your recompense,
a full recompense:
[17.64] And beguile whomsoever of them you can with
your voice, and collect against them your forces riding and on foot, and share
with them in wealth and children, and hold out promises to them; and the Shaitan
makes not promises to them but to deceive:
[17.65] Surely (as for)
My servants, you have no authority over them; and your Lord is sufficient as a
[17.66] Your Lord is He Who speeds the ships for you in
the sea that you may seek of His grace; surely He is ever Merciful to you.
[17.67] And when distress afflicts you in the sea, away go those whom you
call on except He; but when He brings you safe to the land, you turn aside; and
man is ever ungrateful.
[17.68] What! Do you then feel secure that
He will not cause a tract of land to engulf you or send on you a tornado? Then
you shall not find a protector for yourselves.
[17.69] Or, do you feel
secure that He will (not) take you back into it another time, then send on you
a fierce gale and thus drown you on account of your ungratefulness? Then you shall
not find any aider against Us in the matter.
[17.70] And surely We
have honored the children of Adam, and We carry them in the land and the sea,
and We have given them of the good things, and We have made them to excel by an
appropriate excellence over most of those whom We have created.
(Remember) the day when We will call every people with their Imam; then whoever
is given his book in his right hand, these shall read their book; and they shall
not be dealt with a whit unjustly.
[17.72] And whoever is blind in
this, he shall (also) be blind in the hereafter; and more erring from the way.
[17.73] And surely they had purposed to turn you away from that which We
have revealed to you, that you should forge against Us other than that, and then
they would certainly have taken you for a friend.
[17.74] And had it
not been that We had already established you, you would certainly have been near
to incline to them a little;
[17.75] In that case We would certainly
have made you to taste a double (punishment) in this life and a double (punishment)
after death, then you would not have found any helper against Us.
And.surely they purposed to unsettle you from the land that they might expel you
from it, and in that case they will not tarry behind you but a little.
(This is Our) course with regard to those of Our apostles whom We sent before
you, and you shall not find a change in Our course.
[17.78] Keep up
prayer from the declining of the sun till the darkness of the night and the morning
recitation; surely the morning recitation is witnessed.
during a part of the night, pray Tahajjud beyond what is incumbent on you; maybe
your Lord will raise you to a position of great glory.
say: My Lord! make me to enter a goodly entering, and cause me to go forth a goodly
going forth, and grant me from near Thee power to assist (me).
And say: The truth has come and the falsehood has vanished; surely falsehood is
a vanishing (thing).
[17.82] And We reveal of the Quran that which
is a healing and a mercy to the believers, and it adds only to the perdition of
[17.83] And when We bestow favor on man, he turns aside
and behaves proudly, and when evil afflicts him, he is despairing.
Say: Every one acts according to his manner; but your Lord best knows who is best
guided in the path.
[17.85] And they ask you about the soul. Say: The
soul is one of the commands of my Lord, and you are not given aught of knowledge
but a little.
[17.86] And if We please, We should certainly take away
that which We have revealed to you, then you would not find for it any protector
[17.87] But on account of mercy from your Lord-- surely
His grace to you is abundant.
[17.88] Say: If men and jinn should combine
together to bring the like of this Quran, they could not bring the like of it,
though some of them were aiders of others.
[17.89] And certainly We
have explained for men in this Quran every kind of similitude, but most men do
not consent to aught but denying.
[17.90] And they say: We will by
no means believe in you until you cause a fountain to gush forth from the earth
[17.91] Or you should have a garden of palms and grapes in
the midst of which you should cause rivers to flow forth, gushing out.
Or you should cause the heaven to come down upon us in pieces as you think, or
bring Allah and the angels face to face (with us).
[17.93] Or you should
have a house of gold, or you should ascend into heaven, and we will not believe
in your ascending until you bring down to us a book which we may read. Say: Glory
be to my Lord; am I aught but a mortal apostle?
[17.94] And nothing
prevented people from believing when the guidance came to them except that they
said: What! has Allah raised up a mortal to be an apostle?
Say: Had there been in the earth angels walking about as settlers, We would certainly
have sent down to them from the heaven an angel as an apostle.
Say: Allah suffices as a witness between me and you; surely He is Aware of His
[17.97] And whomsoever Allah guides, he is the follower
of the right way, and whomsoever He causes to err, you shall not find for him
guardians besides Him; and We will gather them together on the day of resurrection
on their faces, blind and dumb and deaf; their abode is hell; whenever it becomes
allayed We will add to their burning.
[17.98] This is their retribution
because they disbelieved in Our communications and said What! when we shall have
become bones and decayed particles, shall we then indeed be raised up into a new
[17.99] Do they not consider that Allah, Who created the
heavens and the earth, is able to create their like, and He has appointed for
them a doom about which there is no doubt? But the unjust do not consent to aught
[17.100] Say: If you control the treasures of the mercy
of my Lord, then you would withhold (them) from fear of spending, and man is niggardly.
[17.101] And certainly We gave Musa nine clear signs; so ask the children
of Israel. When he came to them, Firon said to him: Most surely I deem you, O
Musa, to be a man deprived of reason.
[17.102] He said: Truly you know
that none but the Lord of the heavens and the earth has sent down these as clear
proof and most surely I believe you, O Firon, to be given over to perdition.
[17.103] So he desired to destroy them out of the earth, but We drowned
him and those with him all together;
[17.104] And We said to the Israelites
after him: Dwell in the land: and when the promise of the next life shall come
to pass, we will bring you both together in judgment.
with truth have We revealed it, and with truth did it come; and We have not sent
you but as the giver of good news and as a warner.
[17.106] And it
is a Quran which We have revealed in portions so that you may read it to the people
by slow degrees, and We have revealed it, revealing in portions.
Say: Believe in it or believe not; surely those who are given the knowledge before
it fall down on their faces, making obeisance when it is recited to them.
[17.108] And they say: Glory be to our Lord! most surely the promise of
our Lord was to be fulfilled.
[17.109] And they fall down on their
faces weeping, and it adds to their humility.
[17.110] Say: Call upon
Allah or call upon, the Beneficent God; whichever you call upon, He has the best
names; and do not utter your prayer with a very raised voice nor be silent with
regard to it, and seek a way between these.
[17.111] And say: (All)
praise is due to Allah, Who has not taken a son and Who has not a partner in the
kingdom, and Who has not a helper to save Him from disgrace; and proclaim His
greatness magnifying (Him).