[9.1] (This is a declaration of) immunity by Allah and His Apostle
towards those of the idolaters with whom you made an agreement.
So go about in the land for four months and know that you cannot weaken Allah
and that Allah will bring disgrace to the unbelievers.
[9.3] And an
announcement from Allah and His Apostle to the people on the day of the greater
pilgrimage that Allah and His Apostle are free from liability to the idolaters;
therefore if you repent, it will be better for you, and if you turn back, then
know that you will not weaken Allah; and announce painful punishment to those
[9.4] Except those of the idolaters with whom you made
an agreement, then they have not failed you in anything and have not backed up
any one against you, so fulfill their agreement to the end of their term; surely
Allah loves those who are careful (of their duty).
[9.5] So when the
sacred months have passed away, then slay the idolaters wherever you find them,
and take them captives and besiege them and lie in wait for them in every ambush,
then if they repent and keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate, leave their way
free to them; surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
[9.6] And if one
of the idolaters seek protection from you, grant him protection till he hears
the word of Allah, then make him attain his place of safety; this is because they
are a people who do not know.
[9.7] How can there be an agreement for
the idolaters with Allah and with His Apostle; except those with whom you made
an agreement at the Sacred Mosque? So as long as they are true to you, be true
to them; surely Allah loves those who are careful (of their duty).
How (can it be)! while if they prevail against you, they would not pay regard
in your case to ties of relationship, nor those of covenant; they please you with
their mouths while their hearts do not consent; and most of them are transgressors.
[9.9] They have taken a small price for the communications of Allah, so
they turn away from His way; surely evil is it that they do.
They do not pay regard to ties of relationship nor those of covenant in the case
of a believer; and these are they who go beyond the limits.
But if they repent and keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate, they are your brethren
in faith; and We make the communications clear for a people who know.
And if they break their oaths after their agreement and (openly) revile your religion,
then fight the leaders of unbelief-- surely their oaths are nothing-- so that
they may desist.
[9.13] What! will you not fight a people who broke
their oaths and aimed at the expulsion of the Apostle, and they attacked you first;
do you fear them? But Allah is most deserving that you should fear Him, if you
[9.14] Fight them, Allah will punish them by your hands
and bring them to disgrace, and assist you against them and heal the hearts of
a believing people.
[9.15] And remove the rage of their hearts; and
Allah turns (mercifully) to whom He pleases, and Allah is Knowing, Wise.
What! do you think that you will be left alone while Allah has not yet known those
of you who have struggled hard and have not taken any one as an adherent besides
Allah and His Apostle and the believers; and Allah is aware of what you do.
[9.17] The idolaters have no right to visit the mosques of Allah while
bearing witness to unbelief against themselves, these it is whose doings are null,
and in the fire shall they abide.
[9.18] Only he shall visit the mosques
of Allah who believes in Allah and the latter day, and keeps up prayer and pays
the poor-rate and fears none but Allah; so (as for) these, it may be that they
are of the followers of the right course.
[9.19] What! do you make
(one who undertakes) the giving of drink to the pilgrims and the guarding of the
Sacred Mosque like him who believes in Allah and the latter day and strives hard
in Allah's way? They are not equal with Allah; and Allah does not guide the unjust
[9.20] Those who believed and fled (their homes), and strove
hard in Allah's way with their property and their souls, are much higher in rank
with Allah; and those are they who are the achievers (of their objects).
Their Lord gives them good news of mercy from Himself and (His) good pleasure
and gardens, wherein lasting blessings shall be theirs;
therein for ever; surely Allah has a Mighty reward with Him.
O you who believe! do not take your fathers and your brothers for guardians if
they love unbelief more than belief; and whoever of you takes them for a guardian,
these it is that are the unjust.
[9.24] Say: If your fathers and your
sons and your brethren and your mates and your kinsfolk and property which you
have acquired, and the slackness of trade which you fear and dwellings which you
like, are dearer to you than Allah and His Apostle and striving in His way, then
wait till Allah brings about His command: and Allah does not guide the transgressing
[9.25] Certainly Allah helped you in many battlefields and
on the day of Hunain, when your great numbers made you vain, but they availed
you nothing and the earth became strait to you notwithstanding its spaciousness,
then you turned back retreating.
[9.26] Then Allah sent down His tranquillity
upon His Apostle and upon the believers, and sent down hosts which you did not
see, and chastised those who disbelieved, and that is the reward of the unbelievers.
[9.27] Then will Allah after this turn (mercifully) to whom He pleases,
and Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
[9.28] O you who believe! the idolaters
are nothing but unclean, so they shall not approach the Sacred Mosque after this
year; and if you fear poverty then Allah will enrich you out of His grace if He
please; surely Allah is Knowing Wise.
[9.29] Fight those who do not
believe in Allah, nor in the latter day, nor do they prohibit what Allah and His
Apostle have prohibited, nor follow the religion of truth, out of those who have
been given the Book, until they pay the tax in acknowledgment of superiority and
they are in a state of subjection.
[9.30] And the Jews say: Uzair is
the son of Allah; and the Christians say: The Messiah is the son of Allah; these
are the words of their mouths; they imitate the saying of those who disbelieved
before; may Allah destroy them; how they are turned away!
have taken their doctors of law and their monks for lords besides Allah, and (also)
the Messiah son of Marium and they were enjoined that they should serve one God
only, there is no god but He; far from His glory be what they set up (with Him).
[9.32] They desire to put out the light of Allah with their mouths, and
Allah will not consent save to perfect His light, though the unbelievers are averse.
[9.33] He it is Who sent His Apostle with guidance and the religion of
truth, that He might cause it to prevail over all religions, though the polytheists
may be averse.
[9.34] O you who believe! most surely many of the doctors
of law and the monks eat away the property of men falsely, and turn (them) from
Allah's way; and (as for) those who hoard up gold and silver and do not spend
it in Allah's way, announce to them a painful chastisement,
On the day when it shall be heated in the fire of hell, then their foreheads and
their sides and their backs shall be branded with it; this is what you hoarded
up for yourselves, therefore taste what you hoarded.
the number of months with Allah is twelve months in Allah's ordinance since the
day when He created the heavens and the earth, of these four being sacred; that
is the right reckoning; therefore be not unjust to yourselves regarding them,
and fight the polytheists all together as they fight you all together; and know
that Allah is with those who guard (against evil).
(of the sacred month) is only an addition in unbelief, wherewith those who disbelieve
are led astray, violating it one year and keeping it sacred another, that they
may agree in the number (of months) that Allah has made sacred, and thus violate
what Allah has made sacred; the evil of their doings is made fairseeming to them;
and Allah does not guide the unbelieving people.
[9.38] O you who believe!
What (excuse) have you that when it is said to you: Go forth in Allah's way, you
should incline heavily to earth; are you contented with this world's life instead
of the hereafter? But the provision of this world's life compared with the hereafter
is but little.
[9.39] If you do not go forth, He will chastise you
with a painful chastisement and bring in your place a people other than you, and
you will do Him no harm; and Allah has power over all things.
If you will not aid him, Allah certainly aided him when those who disbelieved
expelled him, he being the second of the two, when they were both in the cave,
when he said to his companion: Grieve not, surely Allah is with us. So Allah sent
down His tranquillity upon him and strengthened him with hosts which you did not
see, and made lowest the word of those who disbelieved; and the word of Allah,
that is the highest; and Allah is Mighty, Wise.
[9.41] Go forth light
and heavy, and strive hard in Allah's way with your property and your persons;
this is better for you, if you know.
[9.42] Had it been a near advantage
and a short journey, they would certainly have followed you, but the tedious journey
was too long for them; and they swear by Allah: If we had been able, we would
certainly have gone forth with you; they cause their own souls to perish, and
Allah knows that they are most surely
[9.43] Allah pardon you! Why
did you give them leave until those who spoke the truth had become manifest to
you and you had known the liars?
[9.44] They do not ask leave of you
who believe in Allah and the latter day (to stay away) from striving hard with
their property and their persons, and Allah knows those who guard (against evil).
[9.45] They only ask leave of you who do not believe in Allah and the latter
day and their hearts are in doubt, so in their doubt do they waver.
And if they had intended to go forth, they would certainly have provided equipment
for it, but Allah did not like their going forth, so He withheld them, and it
was said (to them): Hold back with those who hold back.
they gone forth with you, they would not have added to you aught save corruption,
and they would certainly have hurried about among you seeking (to sow) dissension
among you, and among you there are those who hearken for their sake; and Allah
knows the unjust.
[9.48] Certainly they sought (to sow) dissension
before, and they meditated plots against you until the truth came, and Allah's
commandment prevailed although they were averse (from it).
among them there is he who says: Allow me and do not try me. Surely into trial
have they already tumbled down, and most surely hell encompasses the unbelievers.
[9.50] If good befalls you, it grieves them, and if hardship afflicts you,
they say: Indeed we had taken care of our affair before; and they turn back and
[9.51] Say: Nothing will afflict us save what Allah has ordained
for us; He is our.Patron; and on Allah let the believers rely.
Say: Do you await for us but one of two most excellent things? And we await for
you that Allah will afflict you with punishment from Himself or by our hands.
So wait; we too will wait with you.
[9.53] Say: Spend willingly or
unwillingly, it shall not be accepted from you; surely you are a transgressing
[9.54] And nothing hinders their spendings being accepted from
them, except that they disbelieve in Allah and in His Apostle and they do not
come to prayer but while they are sluggish, and they do not spend but while they
[9.55] Let not then their property and their children
excite your admiration; Allah only wishes to chastise them with these in this
world's life and (that) their souls may depart while they are unbelievers.
[9.56] And they swear by Allah that they are most surely of you, and they
are not of you, but they are a people who are afraid (of you).
If they could find a refuge or cave or a place to enter into, they would certainly
have turned thereto, running away in all haste.
[9.58] And of them
there are those who blame you with respect to the alms; so if they are given from
it they are pleased, and if they are not given from it, lo! they are full of rage.
[9.59] And if they were content with what Allah and His Apostle gave them,
and had said: Allah is sufficient for us; Allah will soon give us (more) out of
His grace and His Apostle too; surely to Allah do we make our petition.
Alms are only for the poor and the needy, and the officials (appointed) over them,
and those whose hearts are made to incline (to truth) and the (ransoming of) captives
and those in debts and in the way of Allah and the wayfarer; an ordinance from
Allah; and Allah is knowing, Wise.
[9.61] And there are some of them
who molest the Prophet and say: He is one who believes every thing that he hears;
say: A hearer of good for you (who) believes in Allah and believes the faithful
and a mercy for those of you who believe; and (as for) those who molest the Apostle
of Allah, they shall have a painful punishment.
[9.62] They swear to
you by Allah that they might please you and, Allah, as well as His Apostle, has
a greater right that they should please Him, if they are believers.
Do they not know that whoever acts in opposition to Allah and His Apostle, he
shall surely have the fire of hell to abide in it? That is the grievous abasement.
[9.64] The hypocrites fear lest a chapter should be sent down to them telling
them plainly of what is in their hearts. Say: Go on mocking, surely Allah will
bring forth what you fear.
[9.65] And if you should question them,
they would certainly say: We were only idly discoursing and sporting. Say: Was
it at Allah and His communications and His Apostle that you mocked?
Do not make excuses; you have denied indeed after you had believed; if We pardon
a party of you, We will chastise (another) party because they are guilty.
[9.67] The hypocritical men and the hypocritical women are all alike; they
enjoin evil and forbid good and withhold their hands; they have forsaken Allah,
so He has forsaken them; surely the hypocrites are the transgressors.
Allah has promised the hypocritical men and the hypocritical women and the unbelievers
the fire of hell to abide therein; it is enough for them; and Allah has cursed
them and they shall have lasting punishment.
[9.69] Like those before
you; they were stronger than you in power and more abundant in wealth and children,
so they enjoyed their portion; thus have you enjoyed your portion as those before
you enjoyed their portion; and you entered into vain discourses like the vain
discourses in which entered those before you. These are they whose works are null
in this world and the hereafter, and these are they who are the losers.
Has not the news of those before them come to them; of the people of Nuh and Ad
and Samood, and the people of Ibrahim and the dwellers of Madyan and the overthrown
cities; their apostles came to them with clear arguments; so it was not Allah
Who should do them injustice, but they were unjust to themselves.
And (as for) the believing men and the believing women, they are guardians of
each other; they enjoin good and forbid evil and keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate,
and obey Allah and His Apostle; (as for) these, Allah will show mercy to them;
surely Allah is Mighty, Wise.
[9.72] Allah has promised to the believing
men and the believing women gardens, beneath which rivers flow, to abide in them,
and goodly dwellings in gardens of perpetual abode; and best of all is Allah's
goodly pleasure; that is the grand achievement.
[9.73] O Prophet! strive
hard against the unbelievers and the hypocrites and be unyielding to them; and
their abode is hell, and evil is the destination.
[9.74] They swear
by Allah that they did not speak, and certainly they did speak, the word of unbelief,
and disbelieved after their Islam, and they had determined upon what they have
not been able to effect, and they did not find fault except because Allah and
His Apostle enriched them out of His grace; therefore if they repent, it will
be good for them; and if they turn back, Allah will chastise them with a painful
chastisement in this world and the hereafter, and they shall not have in the land
any guardian or a helper.
[9.75] And there are those of them who made
a covenant with Allah: If He give us out of His grace, we will certainly give
alms and we will certainly be of the good.
[9.76] But when He gave
them out of His grace, they became niggardly of it and they turned back and they
[9.77] So He made hypocrisy to follow as a consequence into
their hearts till the day when they shall meet Him because they failed to perform
towards Allah what they had promised with Him and because they told lies.
[9.78] Do they not know that Allah knows their hidden thoughts and their
secret counsels, and that Allah is the great Knower of the unseen things?
[9.79] They who taunt those of the faithful who give their alms freely,
and those who give to the extent of their earnings and scoff at them; Allah will
pay them back their scoffing, and they shall have a painful chastisement.
[9.80] Ask forgiveness for them or do not ask forgiveness for them; even
if you ask forgiveness for them seventy times, Allah will not forgive them; this
is because they disbelieve in Allah and His Apostle, and Allah does not guide
the transgressing people.
[9.81] Those who were left behind were glad
on account of their sitting behind Allah's Apostle and they were averse from striving
m Allah's way with their property and their persons, and said: Do not go forth
in the heat. Say: The fire of hell is much severe in heat. Would that they understood
[9.82] Therefore they shall laugh little and weep much as a recompense
for what they earned.
[9.83] Therefore if Allah brings you back to
a party of them and then they ask your permission to go forth, say: By no means
shall you ever go forth with me and by no means shall you fight an enemy with
me; surely you chose to sit the first time, therefore sit (now) with those who
[9.84] And never offer prayer for any one of them who
dies and do not stand by his grave; surely they disbelieve in Allah and His Apostle
and they shall die in transgression. 85 And let not their property and their children
excite your admlration; Allah only wishes to chastise them with these in this
world and (that) their souls may depart while they are unbelievers
And whenever a chapter is revealed, saying: Believe in Allah and strive hard along
with His Apostle, those having ampleness of means ask permission of you and say:
Leave us (behind), that we may be with those who sit.
[9.87] They preferred
to be with those who remained behind, and a seal is set on their hearts so they
do not understand.
[9.88] But the Apostle and those who believe with
him strive hard with their property and their persons; and these it is who shall
have the good things and these it is who shall be successful.
Allah has prepared for them gardens beneath which rivers flow, to abide in them;
that is the great achievement. And the defaulters from among the dwellers of the
desert came that permission may be given to them and they sat (at home) who lied
to Allah and His Apostle; a painful chastisement shall afflict those of them who
[9.91] It shall be no crime in the weak, nor in the sick,
nor in those who do not find what they should spend (to stay behind), so long
as they are sincere to Allah and His Apostle; there is no way (to blame) against
the doers of good; and Allah is Forgiving, Merciful;
[9.92] Nor in
those who when they came to you that you might carry them, you said: I cannot
find that on which to carry you; they went back while their eyes overflowed with
tears on account of grief for not finding that which they should spend.
The way (to blame) is only against those who ask permission of you though they
are rich; they have chosen to be with those who remained behind, and Allah has
set a seal upon their hearts so they do not know.
[9.94] They will
excuse themselves to you when you go back to them. Say: Urge no excuse, by no
means will we believe you; indeed Allah has informed us of matters relating to
you; and now Allah and His Apostle will see your doings, then you shall be brought
back to the Knower of the unseen and the seen, then He will inform you of what
[9.95] They will swear to you by Allah when you return to
them so that you may turn aside from them; so do turn aside from them; surely
they are unclean and their abode is hell; a recompense for what they earned.
[9.96] They will swear to you that you may be pleased with them; but if
you are pleased with them, yet surely Allah is not pleased with the transgressing
[9.97] The dwellers of the desert are very hard in unbelief
and hypocrisy, and more disposed not to know the limits of what Allah has revealed
to His Apostle; and Allah is Knowing, Wise.
[9.98] And of the dwellers
of the desert are those who take what they spend to be a fine, and they wait (the
befalling of) calamities to you; on them (will be) the evil calamity; and Allah
is Hearing, Knowing.
[9.99] And of the dwellers of the desert are those
who believe in Allah and the latter day and take what they spend to be (means
of) the nearness of Allah and the Apostle's prayers; surely it shall be means
of nearness for them; Allah will make them enter into His mercy; surely Allah
is Forgiving, Merciful.
[9.100] And (as for) the foremost, the first
of the Muhajirs and the Ansars, and those who followed them in goodness, Allah
is well pleased with them and they are well pleased with Him, and He has prepared
for them gardens beneath which rivers flOw, to abide in them for ever; that is
the mighty achievement.
[9.101] And from among those who are round
about you of the dwellers of the desert there are hypocrites, and from among the
people of Medina (also); they are stubborn in hypocrisy; you do not know them;
We know them; We will chastise them twice then shall they be turned back to a
[9.102] And others have confessed their faults,
they have mingled a good deed and an evil one; may be Allah will turn to them
(mercifully); surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
[9.103] Take alms
out of their property, you would cleanse them and purify them thereby, and pray
for them; surely your prayer is a relief to them; and Allah is Hearing, Knowing.
[9.104] Do they not know that Allah accepts repentance from His servants
and takes the alms, and that Allah is the Oft-returning (to mercy), the Merciful?
[9.105] And say: Work; so Allah will see your work and (so will) His Apostle
and the believers; and you shall be brought back to the Knower of the unseen and
the seen, then He will inform you of what you did.
[9.106] And others
are made to await Allah's command, whether He chastise them or whether He turn
to them (mercifully), and Allah is Knowing, Wise. 107 And those who built a masjid
to cause harm and for unbelief and to cause disunion among the believers and an
ambush to him who made war against Allah and His Apostle before; and they will
certainly swear: We did not desire aught but good; and Allah bears witness that
they are most surely liars.
[9.108] Never stand in it; certainly a
masjid founded on piety from the very first day is more deserving that you should
stand in it; in it are men who love that they should be purified; and Allah loves
those who purify themselves.
[9.109] Is he, therefore, better who lays
his foundation on fear of Allah and (His) good pleasure, or he who lays his foundation
on the edge of a cracking hollowed bank, so it broke down with him into the fire
of hell; and Allah does not guide the unjust people.
[9.110] The building
which they have built will ever continue to be a source of disquiet in their hearts,
except that their hearts get cut into pieces; and Allah is Knowing, Wise.
[9.111] Surely Allah has bought of the believers their persons and their
property for this, that they shall have the garden; they fight in Allah's way,
so they slay and are slain; a promise which is binding on Him in the Taurat and
the Injeel and the Quran; and who is more faithful to his covenant than Allah?
Rejoice therefore in the pledge which you have made; and that is the mighty achievement.
[9.112] They who turn (to Allah), who serve (Him), who praise (Him), who
fast, who bow down, who prostrate themselves, who enjoin what is good and forbid
what is evil, and who keep the limits of Allah; and give good news to the believers.
[9.113] It is not (fit) for the Prophet and those who believe that they
should ask forgiveness for the polytheists, even though they should be near relatives,
after it has become clear to them that they are inmates of the flaming fire.
[9.114] And Ibrahim asking forgiveness for his sire was only owing to a
promise which he had made to him; but when it became clear to him that he was
an enemy of Allah, he declared himself to be clear of him; most surely Ibrahim
was very tender-hearted forbearing.
[9.115] It is not (attributable
to) Allah that He should lead a people astray after He has guided them; He even
makes clear to them what they should guard against; surely Allah knows all things.
[9.116] Surely Allah's is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth; He
brings to life and causes to die; and there is not for you besides Allah any Guardian
[9.117] Certainly Allah has turned (mercifully) to the Prophet
and those who fled (their homes) and the helpers who followed him in the hour
of straitness after the hearts of a part of them were about to deviate, then He
turned to them (mercifully); surely to them He is Compassionate, Merciful.
[9.118] And to the three who were left behind, until the earth became strait
to them notwithstanding its spaciousness and their souls were also straitened
to them; and they knew it for certain that there was no refuge from Allah but
in Him; then He turned to them (mercifully) that they might turn (to Him); surely
Allah is the Oft-returning (to mercy), the Merciful.
[9.119] O you
who believe! be careful of (your duty to) Allah and be with the true ones.
[9.120] It did not beseem the people of Medina and those round about them
of the dwellers of the desert to remain behind the Apostle of Allah, nor should
they desire (anything) for themselves in preference to him; this is because there
afflicts them not thirst or fatigue or hunger in Allah's way, nor do they tread
a path which enrages the unbelievers, nor do they attain from the enemy what they
attain, but a good work is written down to them on account of it; surely Allah
does not waste the reward of the doers of good;
[9.121] Nor do they
spend anything that may be spent, small or great, nor do they traverse a valley,
but it is written down to their credit, that Allah may reward them with the best
of what they have done.
[9.122] And it does not beseem the believers
that they should go forth all together; why should not then a company from every
party from among them go forth that they may apply themselves to obtain understanding
in religion, and that they may warn their people when they come back to them that
they may be cautious?
[9.123] O you who believe! fight those of the
unbelievers who are near to you and let them find in you hardness; and know that
Allah is with those who guard (against evil).
[9.124] And whenever
a chapter is revealed, there are some of them who say: Which of you has it strengthened
in faith? Then as for those who believe, it strengthens them in faith and they
[9.125] And as for those in whose hearts is a disease, it
adds uncleanness to their uncleanness and they die while they are unbelievers.
[9.126] Do they not see that they are tried once or twice in every year,
yet they do not turn (to Allah) nor do they mind.
[9.127] And whenever
a chapter is revealed, they cast glances at one another: Does any one see you?
Then they turn away: Allah has turned away their hearts because they are a people
who do not understand.
[9.128] Certainly an Apostle has come to you
from among yourselves; grievous to him is your falling into distress, excessively
solicitous respecting you; to the believers (he is) compassionate,
But if they turn back, say: Allah is sufficient for me, there is no god but He;
on Him do I rely, and He is the Lord of mighty power.