Al Hajj Ya Allah






The map of Sumer and vacinity in ancient times was created by The International History Project and is used with permission and appreciation.

Haji Allah went directly south at the same time he was going west to Assyria, Phoenicia, and then to Mecca via North Arabia. Perhaps you noticed that we missed discussing the LIL evolutions in ancient and modern Babylon. That is because I was saving it to show that Babylon is very much the foundation of both the South Arabian and Meccan pantheon. Of course Babylon sent its filthy religion in all directions, so it was part of the Assyrian pantheon as well.

Most pagans are too superstitious to pitch out old gods, so Babylon's gods turn up regularly in the strangest places. It comes up in Ezekiel 8 where the backslidden Jewish women are weeping for Tammuz, who died in the summer, and the men stood, in blasphemy, with their backs to the temple, watching for the sun to stay up longer after the winter solstice.

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This is the origin of our Christmas holiday, December 25th, and the Roman Catholic Church kindly replaced the Babylonian goddess Ishtar and her baby, Marduk, with Mary and baby Jesus. This pagan origin explains why Christmas is so well received by ignorant Christians and pagans around the world-- it IS rooted in 5000 year old paganism. Feel free to send for my free booklet on Christmas.

To see a picture of Baal, the high god of early Babylon, CLICK HERE.

Another interesting place to find the Babylonian goddess, Allat, is in the Vatican. In Phoenicia and Greece, Allat, the primal goddess form derived from the LIL root, became Lat, and then Lato. From Greece she traveled to Rome to be the founding lady of Rome's affairs as Lato. Thus ancient Italy was named Latinia or Latium in honor of the naughty lady of Babylon, and Rome's language became Latin.

This is the language which the old Holy (?) Roman Catholic Empire used to conceal the Bible, and it is the language they used to cloak their worship in mystical ritual until the 1960's. Allat, you've come a long way, baby. When the Pope does the Christmas Mass in honor of the goddess and child cult of Babylon, he appropriately uses the language which honors Allat-- Latin.

The above detour has a real purpose. There is a claim by some alleged Christian publishers that Islam was invented by the Roman Catholic church at the time of Muhammed, through his first wife, Khadijah. It is claimed that she was "planted" in Muhammed's life by the Pope. The Roman Catholic Church has done much evil, but Allah and Allat, along with Arabian monotheism, were in Mecca long before the Lord Jesus Christ was even born. Those who promote this tale of the Roman Church inventing Islam are brazen liars, and it is wicked to lie in an effort to destroy Islam. The facts of history do everything needed to devastate Islam.

Long before Muhammed was born, pagan Christians were all over Arabia, to which they fled FROM the Roman Catholic Church, because they were worse heretics than Rome itself! These heretic "Christians," along with paganized Jews in Arabia, gave Muhammed his doctrinal foundations. Again, it makes a graphic story to claim all of the world's paganism originated from the Vatican, but Satan is quite capable of promoting some of his wickedness without using Cardinals and Popes, helpful as they may be at times.


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Christian-- Beware! Stop using any literature, in witnessing to Muslims, that claims the above "plot" by Rome. It also makes fools of Muslims by implying they were ignorant patsies of the white race who foisted their religion on them. It is quite enough stress for a Muslim to see the truth by looking at Islam in its historic Middle Eastern context. Leave the Pope out of it, and beware of the claims of alleged "converted" Jesuits who cannot be verified by other converted Jesuits. For more on this, see Appendix No. 2.

Vatican II called for a healing between Islam and the Vatican, and Pope John Paul II worked hard for that goal. (FOOTNOTE 82:  Keys of this Blood, Malachi Martin, Pub. Simon and Schuster, NY) That may very well be what will happen soon. We have a photo of the Pope kissing the Koran on one of his diplomatic journeys.

Dear Muslim reader, do you now believe me when I say that I care about your soul? It would have been very colorful, anti-Islam and anti-Catholic, to twist the history of Allah to sustain the above nonsense about the Pope starting Islam. But, it would be a lie, and I want you to have a chance to get the truth. Allah is a devil from Sumer, a pagan god from Babylon. That is enough to deal with and enough to suggest that a Muslim consider Elohim and Jesus Christ of the Bible. But, we must have a better look at Babylon.

Babylon, even more than Sumer before it, exported its spiritual garbage in all directions, such as to India in the notions of the Isa Upanishads and Brahman, alias Ramman, Rahman, Rimmon. The goddess and baby son cult are also rooted in Babylon. This shows how Satan counterfeited the promise which God gave to Eve in the Bible, Genesis 3:15, "And I will put enmity between thee (Satan) and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it (Christ) shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel (in the Crucifixion and resurrection of Christ)."

Here is the promise of a Son to be born of the woman (later, this was Mary) who would defeat Satan. What higher priority could Satan have then to destroy or obscure this hope? That is why goddess and son cults abound in all the earth, and they all date back to Babylon, Nimrod's Babel. Satan understands the Word of God and prophecy well enough to set counterfeits in motion long before God fulfills the prophecies.

Before we embark with Haji Allah on his Hajj down the Euphrates River, through the Persian Gulf, and via South Arabia, to Mecca, let's take a stroll through the streets of ancient Babylon. Some of the sights will put you in awe of their glory and inventiveness, but others may leave you with some nausea. Some of the most revolting discoveries in Babylon actually made several archaeologists vomit in revulsion as they unearthed the scene. I shall not tell you the worst so that this book doesn't slide into ancient pornography.


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As we enter the city of Babylon, we first see a two hundred foot seven story pyramid towering above the city. The glazed bricks that face it glow in the sun. It is not a tomb as in the Egyptian pyramids or Persian tombs. It is a temple, and right under the pinnacle is a chamber where a young girl sleeps every night on a golden bed in a sumptuous bed chamber. (See illustration on page 117) She is the nightly consort of the god, Marduk. He is the baby god born, every December 25th, to the virgin goddess, and he grows to manhood in a few months. Of course, there is no real Marduk, as there is no real Santa Clause, but the ancients, like demented modern men, loved the original Christmas cult.

The reigning god-king stood in for Marduk every night by visiting the young lady in the divine bed-chamber. This would be the likes of Hammurabi or any lust-filled priest whom he designated. Such pomp and glory, yet such gross depravity! (FOOTNOTE 83:  46 / 399 / 996; 52 / 130-133 / 915-916; 136 / 374-379 / 850-852; 35 / 240-241 / 1540-41; 55 / 81 / 1583. Write me for a large file on Christmas in Babylon and Sumer in 1000 to 2000 BC.)

As we move through the city of Babylon, we hear that we have arrived on the day of the auction of brides. Hammurabi has arranged a very curious and unique method of seeing to it that the ugliest girl could get a husband. Herodotus, the Greek historian, tells of this. On the day of the auction all marriageable girls are gathered at the auction location. The loveliest girl is auctioned off first, and she brings a very high price. Then the second loveliest is auctioned off, and so on, until no one will bid for a girl because she is not very pretty.

The auctioneer then offers to pay a "dowry" to whomever will marry the girl. The "dowry" is paid out of the proceeds of the auction funds just collected. This continues until the ugliest and last girl is married off. Her "dowry" is undoubtedly about as high as the price paid for the loveliest girl.

Now, after living for fifty years at the mercy of modern bureaucracy, that appeals to me. The state conducted a bureaucratic administrative device where everyone was happy with the results, and it didn't cost the tax payers a cent, or shekel. This was the way of Hammurabi. In the morning he could come up with some of the fairest laws ever known in the history of the world. He made laws to protect widows, orphans, the poor, and even slaves had some civil rights in Hammurabi's Babylon. Then, that evening, he would go up to the pagan temple and rape a young girl on behalf of Marduk. Man's devices always "fall short of the glory of God," right?

Now we come to the house of astronomy. Here we find the scientists of Babylon not nearly so taken up with the mystic meanings of the stars as were Nimrod's people, and later the astrologers of modern Europe and Sedona, Arizona. The Babylonian astronomers had catalogued all of the stars they could see in 1200 BC. There stellar navigational charts were the ones used all the way into the Mediterranean area. By 800 BC they had given positions and helical settings to the stars, thus enhancing the navigational use of the heavens.


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In mathematics, they adopted 60 as a unit of measure, the basic unit of time in the universe to this day. Their cuneiform writing was taken to the whole world where writing was largely unknown. It is astounding that scientists today boast of how we have surpassed the Babylonians, yet our students today graduate from school frequently unable to read an employment application, let alone a navigational chart.

Next, we come to a big ceremonial green or commons. Here dozens of women sit in long lines of chairs, waiting. What are they waiting for? Once in the life of every cultured woman in Babylon, she must go to the temple and be sired by a random gentleman other than her husband. The men, often local losers or derelicts, come along the rows, pick a woman, and enter the temple to render his services to the lady. He gives her a silver coin, which is then given to the temple priests, who keep a record of every woman's "devotions," and she is then in a right relationship with the gods.

As we come along, a gold-gilded four-wheeled carriage draws up. Out steps a lavishly dressed member of the royal family, disgust all over her face, and she finds a seat along with the common housewives of Babylon. One very ugly lady has been sitting here day after day for weeks because she has no appeal to the men who come along. Ah, but here is an inebriate who has made it to the royal lady first. He flips his silver coin into her lap, and they are off to the temple chambers to do their "devotions." (FOOTNOTE 84:  All of the above discussion of Babylon: 15 / 25-47 / 1665-1677) Modern feminists, who delight in exalting ancient goddess cults, need to look a little deeper into the "good old days" of Ishtar.

Does this help you to understand why Jehovah, in Jeremiah 50-51, says he will one day wipe Babylon off of the map? Saddam Hussein claimed he would get back all of the "glory" of Babylon, and much of Babylon was restored by him. But Jehovah will soon blast Babylon off of the earth.

At the right you see the palace of Saddam Hussein in restored Babylon
along the Euphrates River.

We must move on, but I hope you have a new appreciation for the Hebrew men, Daniel, Nehemiah, Shadrack, Meshech, and Abed Nego, indeed all of those who were "faithful to their God" after seventy years of resisting Satan in beautiful downtown Babylon. I wonder how many of today's Laodicean Christians could stand up to that Babylon in loyalty to Christ? (FOOTNOTE 85:  Bible, Revelation 3:14-22) Also, how is Babylon so unlike the sodomite presidencies and royal brothels we see today in the USA and Europe? Food for thought, right?


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As evening settles over the city the lamp lighters go along lighting street lamps. They are fueled by petroleum gathered where it oozes out of the ground. We stand on one of the bridges over the Euphrates River so that we can get a larger view of the hanging gardens of Nebuchadnezzar. The whole area is intensely green, which is a the result of a massive irritation system. Babylon-- such beauty, and such gross paganism all mixed up together.

Is it not a lot like the great religious centers today? ...the Taj Mahal, shining pure white in the Indian sun, while in its shadow the low caste beggars wait to die in hope that when the twelve thousandth reincarnation is reached, they too will arrive in the Brahman, Babylon reminds us of the ashrams of India, Switzerland, and Oregon where the faithful feed on the most healthy diets, do aerobics, then men and women alike go service the libido of the great garlic-breathing guru, ...or, consider the Vatican plaza with its pomp and circumstance par excellence, while right in front of the whole scene stands the great obelisk, complete with ball on top-- the universal phallic symbol, and nearby, in 855 AD, Joan of Anglia, who concealed her sex to become Pope John VIII, gave birth to a bastard son, on the pavement, while on her way to celebrate Mass at the Lateran. (FOOTNOTE 86:  Write for a bibliography on The Woman who was a Pope. Also see Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2nd Edition, 1778-83)

And, as the Pope elevates the host at the Christmas Mass, he stands in St. Peter's Basilica, Named for Basilisk, the phallic serpent god of Greece. False religion always has a veneer of beauty, while noxious filth lurks just beneath the surface. That is why it is highly significant that Haji Allah, alias ENLIL of Sumer, should go to Mecca by way of Babylon rather than Jerusalem!

But, we may not linger any longer in Babylon. Haji Allah is about to continue his Hajj to Mecca, and we must not keep him waiting. I need to re-introduce you to Allah as he would be known in Babylon. The high god of Babylon was Ba'al. This is derived from LIL / IL of Sumer, whom you met earlier. The break down of the name is Ba'ILAH, and the goddess is Ba'ILAT. Langdon reports that Astarte was also Ba'alat or Beltis, the wife consort of Gebal, another LIL derived god of Babylon. (FOOTNOTE 87:  89 / 66-67 / 383; 55 / 80 / 1582) This is simply a linguistic twist caused by moving from Sumer to Babylon. The Bible gives us understanding of the name Ba'al in discussing the priests of Ba'al.

Psalms 53:4, Have the workers of iniquity no knowledge? who eat up my people as they eat bread: they have not called upon God.


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Isaiah 6:12-13, And the LORD have removed men far away, and there be a great forsaking in the midst of the land. But yet in it shall be a tenth (of the people), and it shall return, and shall be eaten: as a teil tree, and as an oak, whose substance is in them, when they cast their leaves: so the holy seed shall be the substance thereof.

Isaiah 66:3, He that killeth an ox is as if he slew a man; (I.E. for food) he that sacrificeth a lamb, as if he cut off a dog's neck; ... Yea, they have chosen their own ways, and their soul delighteth in their abominations.

Revelation 17:12-16, And the ten horns which thou sawest are ten kings, which have received no kingdom as yet; but receive power as kings one hour with the beast. These have one mind, and shall give their power and strength unto the beast. These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them: for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings: and they that are with him are called, and chosen, and faithful. And he saith unto me, The waters which thou sawest, where the whore (modern ecumenical church) sitteth, are peoples, and multitudes, and nations, and tongues. And the ten horns which thou sawest upon the beast (New World Order and the United Nations), these shall hate the whore, and shall make her desolate and naked, and shall eat her flesh, and burn her with fire.

The Bible makes it clear that violent people ate those whom they hated in the past, and they will eat the people of the Whore of Revelation in the future. This is why our hearts go out to those caught up in the Roman Catholic Church and world religion. They will ride high for a while in the near future, but they will literally be the lunch, Roman Catholic shish-kabab, for the New World Order system in the coming Great Tribulation. Now, what does this have to do with Ba'al? Simply this: "Priest of Ba'al," as it appears in ancient Semitic epigraphs, and in the Hebrew Old Testament is, CANA BA'AL. This is the derivation of the word, cannibal, which has survived into the English language!

The priests of Ba'al in Babylon ate human flesh ceremonially, a custom observed from Babylon to Greece to modern witchcraft, and this is the second headquarters of the god LIL or Haji Allah. It is not a small matter that Allah should be at home in Babylon in 1000 BC.

In other words, if the Babylonian priests said, "Ba'al would like to have you for lunch," you didn't go if you could help it. Allah was not far behind either. (FOOTNOTE 88:  The Golden Bough, Sir James G. Frazer, Macmillan, NY, p. 339-341 / shelf.)

Do the inscriptions show that Allah was in Babylon? First, let me remind you that we already looked at the Sumerian use of Allallu, Alla, and Alala in the Epics of Gilgamesh and Inanna. (FOOTNOTE 89:  173 / 371 / 995; 93 / 199 / 984) These variations on the Allah name were in place long before Hammurabi's Babylon, and we note that the Babylonians took in all of the Sumerian pantheon in tact.


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A Babylonian document found in Nineveh gave the names of the gods and their Assyrian equivalents. Enlil was still at the top of the list! He survived 1500 years to still be honored in Babylon. That is a very long time by modern standards. Sayce makes it clear that the flow was from Sumer to Babylon, and then to Assyria.

This means that our previous study of the flow of LIL through Assyria, Phoenicia, and North Arabia was, in part, the product of Babylon in its origins. (FOOTNOTE 90:  93 / 200 985; 142 / 82 / 1009) To add their own trade mark to the pantheon, the Babylonians simply raised goddess and son, Ishtar and Marduk, to the prime position in place of Inanna and Gilgamesh, alias Semiramis and Nimrod, of Sumer. Allat and Allah were not replaced in this process, so they went on down the road eagerly seeking their future.

To see Ishtar and Marduk, CLICK HERE.

Since Allat was busy in the Babylonian inscription and cuneiform accounts, we know very well that Allah was on hand at least as a grammatical "other." Muller reports, in 400 BC, in nearby Persian writings, that they wrote, "Allah is exalted" among other gods. This was found across the river from Babylon, but it shows how Allah had moved his influence well beyond Babylon. (FOOTNOTE 91:  107 / 264 / 79) Also, after Alexander the Great conquered Persia, circa 300 BC, Allat, who was well established there, became replaced by Athena. That was the same goddess, only the name was changed to appease the conqueror. (FOOTNOTE 92:  177 / 532 / 217)

It is also interesting to find that Rammanu, who was Rimmon of Assyria, Brahman of India, and Rahman of Islam, was also known in Babylon as IL-hallabu. (FOOTNOTE 93:  89 / 39 / 368) The IL and Allah root are very obvious. This shows that Allah and Allat were well entrenched in Babylon as were all of the cults of the Middle East. This also shows why Muhammed confused Rahman and Allah as the same god. They WERE! And, they have Rimmon for their Babylonian ancestor. Hinduism has the same god as Islam, or Brahman and Rahman. This makes the war between Muslims and Hindus in India look very silly.

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It is interesting that the Babylonian "Halla" shows up in South Arabia later as HLH in the inscriptions. We will discuss this shortly. Allah was not personally very prominent in Babylon because Allah had become a generic universal god by the time he reached Babylon, and he would stay that way until 625 AD when Muhammed would raise him to monotheistic singularity for the first time ever. J J M Roberts, in his list of god / goddess names, has shown very clearly that the IL and ILUM roots are the foundation of nearly all god names in Mesopotamia before UR III. (FOOTNOTE 94:  132 / all / 932-945)

Another obvious reason why Allah became the generic god is that the pagan gods do age. The LIL of ancient Sumer was a kind and benevolent god who loved his people. They prayed to him because they believed that he would help in conception and child birth. (FOOTNOTE 95:  132 / 34 / 937) This changed as others took LIL's place, and by the time LIL had become Enlil, then Be'IL, then ILAH, then Al ILAH, IL-hallabu, and finally Allah, senility had taken the tenderness from him. This is the god of Muhammed and the Koran-- "Allah, the unknowable."

Frederick P. Noble quotes Palgrave, "Allah, Islam's absentee landlord... wound the clock of the universe and went away forever." (FOOTNOTE 96: 110 / 75 / 1611) Islam received a generic geriatric deity who was already old and decrepit, 1000 years before Muhammed's birth.

Discussion of the mean tempered old god, Allah.

A discussion of Babylon



So, we have established a point in time when Allah was a resident of Babylon. Let us follow him next as he travels down the Euphrates river to its delta. This is the area of Basra, just north of that novel British invention called Kuwait. We move on down the west bank of the Persian Gulf to present day Bahrain where the ancient city of Dilmun was located. The history of Dilmun and vicinity starts back in Sumer. We mentioned in Chapter Twelve that the god of heaven in Sumer was Anu (his wife was Antu), who was the sun god, and his off-spring included Merodach. He was originally the redeemer of mankind and associated with resurrection from the dead.  Before the Tower of Babel, Anu would have been El, or Elohim.  [ Please understand that there was only one language before the Tower of Babel event in which Jehovah confused the languages. So, Anu was the new name which Jehovah caused to come into the mouths of the pagans so that they would be forced into a divorce from Jehovah. I am not going soft in this discussion ]

Anu was basicially lost along the way as the centuries went by, and Enlil, earth god, took charge.  This left El of the Hebrews unique and set apart from the pagan cults, as the God of Adam, Shem, and Asshur wanted it.  So, Enlil prevailed in the pagan world.

In Babylon the high god was Bel, Ba'al (Ba' IL), and eventually, In the stellar pantheon, he was the god, Jupiter. This heritage crossed over to be absorbed into the person of Enlil (heaven springs from the earth) as time went by, because the Babylonians got things all turned around, and Enlil was prevailing. Ecumenism knows no bounds when divine polity is human in nature. Enlil, who started as earth god, evolved to become the high god of the Middle East.  

Bel's wife was Zarpanit who may be implied in the Bible in II Kings 17:30 as Succoth-benoth.

The children of this divine couple were Nebo (male) and Tasmit (female), who immediately married each other. To the god Nebo, the Babylonians later erected a temple-- "The temple of the Seven Lights of Heaven and Earth" in the suburb of Borsippa. The Arabs call this Birs-i-Nimrud today. It is curious that Nimrod is still in the thinking of Arabs today as they rename ancient holy cities which were the direct result of Nimrod's blasphemies.




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This Nebo left his mark over in Canaan, or Israel, as a city and mountain name. (Bible, Ezra 2:29 and Deut. 32:49) Here is the interesting point. Nebo was known in Sumer as Dismar, and a temple was erected to him at Dilmun, present day Bahrain, where Allah is headed on his Hajj. Dismar was known as Enzak to the Semitic Arabs there.

To show how these gods migrated around, Merodach, the god of Babylon, and father of Bahrain's or Dilmun's god, was also called Rimmon, the god of choice in Syria. Rimmon is Rahman of the Koran, and after he crossed the Persian Gulf, he became The Brahman of the Indus Valley. Also, Sin, the moon-god of Sinai, was known in North Arabia, and in Yemen, and was the patron god of UR in later days. So Allah's arrival in Dilmun was just a visit of an old friend who had changed his name. It was quite a family reunion at Dilmun.  And, Allah bore the hereditary lineage of the gods from primal times, to wit Anu, Ea, and Enki melded into one high latter day god.

All of this makes it clear that the whole pantheon in the Babylon, UR, and Dilmun area was directly the heritage of Enlil or LIL, the ancestor of Allah. The temple to Dismar in Dilmun, built around 2000 BC, was a tribute to the heritage of Allah as he arrived in the Bahrain area. Indeed, it was a sort of pagan version of Messianic biblical teachings. Or, was Allah the first Madhi?

In more recent times, we see this melding together of pagan deities in the Mother and Child evolutions within the Roman Catholic Church circa 300 AD.  The average Roman Catholic today has no idea how the Greek, Egyptian, Phoenician, and Roman goddesses and their deified sons converged and melded to become the foundation of the Marion cult.  This also should be a red light caution to all Bible believers to carefully filter ALL forms and creeds through the Bible rather than through tradition.  Tradition and diplomacy is what brought Allah out of Sumer to Mecca. The creeds of the Reformation have the same diplomatic flaws as they supplant the Word of God. Beware, Christian reader.

Here is the history of Dilmun in brief. I want you to realize that Dilmun was not some mere watering hole for Bedouin camels. It was a highly civilized city, and modern Arab history, now resulting in the nation of Bahrain, obscures the fact that it has been in perpetuity from the most ancient times:

The Dilmun Empire A considerable commercial nexus between Mesopotamia and the Indus Valley, Dilmun controlled much territory adjacent to the island, though how much is unclear.

There are at least two distinct phases, an early city existing from c. 2800-c. 2300,
and a second from .............................................................................c. 2300-c. 1750.

Dilmun was regarded as being the final home of Ziusudra, the Sumerian Noah, and was famed on account of its natural springs as the gate into Abzu, the abyss, or the Ocean Below, which the Sumerians believed mirrored the Sea Above.

Kassite occupation.............................................................................c. 1600-c. 1200
Late Dilmun City State......................................................................c. 1100-c. 709
Assyrian dependency.........................................................................c. 709-609
Uperi...................................................................................................709 ?-706
Ahundaru I..........................................................................................706-685
Ahundaru II.........................................................................................660-635
To Babylon..........................................................................................609-331
Possibly an outpost of Macedon ? ....................................................331-312
Possibly an outpost of the Seleucid Empire.......................................c. 300-c. 200 BCE
Probably local control, punctuated by times
of Persian influence or occupation.
To Persia..............................................................................................4th cent. CE-c. 635
To the Caliphate..................................................................................c. 635-10th cent.
Probably local occupation by various Bedawi clans.
At times influence from Persia or other regional powers.
The chronology of this place at this time is not well known.
To Portugal..........................................................................................1521-1602
To Persia.............................................................................................1602-1783
al-KHALIFAH Ahmad.......................................................................1783-1796
Salman I..............................................................................................1796-1825 with...
'Abdallah.............................................................................................1796-1843 with...
Khalifah..............................................................................................1825-1836 and...
'Isa I....................................................................................................1869-1935 with...
Hamad I..............................................................................................1923-1942
Salman II............................................................................................1942-1961
'Isa II...................................................................................................1961-1999
Hamad II.............................................................................................1999-

If Allah had not kept moving on south and into Saba, the center of Islamic worship might well have been Dilmun.


We note in passing, that Allah was not related to the moon-god cult as some have claimed. He was, if anything, the sun god deity, while Allat was most certainly the moon goddess. Thousands of epigraphs attest to Allat's moon goddess role.  To complete the stellar pantheon of Islam, Al-Uzza filled the place of Venus. The two ladies, Allat and Al Uzza, are the origin of the star and crescent of Islam. So, we see by this larger picture that Allah was actually present in the Dilmun area as early as 2000 BC.  (FOOTNOTE 97:  153 / 74-77 / 1005-6)

Those two or three historians who saw Allah as moon god simply did their research too early, or they had some axe to grind.  The more recent apologetic for Allah as moon god totally ignores the air-tight evidence that Allat was the moon deity, and Allah loses his counterfeit role as the supplanter of Elohim.  Satan is NOT as stupid as some of these historians.  Satan knows his counterfeits must resemble Jehovah, who is likened to the sun, not the moon, in Scripture.  Read that again please. Dr. Robert Morey should be sent here by someone. Even Messiah Christ is referred to in Malachi as the "Sun of righteousness."   Malachi 4:2  "But unto you that fear my name shall the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings; and ye shall go forth, and grow up as calves of the stall. "

Satan has followed this lead in making himself and angel of light, and the moon is left to the counterfeit Mary of Romanism.  Islam was manufactured by Satan in the same mold, thus Allah MUST hold the office of sun god.  The lady, Allat holds the office of moon goddess.  As a powerful argument here, it will be remembered that the primal gods, after the language confusion of the Tower of Babe, were ALL non-lunar dieties--  they were of heaven, sky, and earth.  The moon was left to the ladies or other kin.


Next, let us wander around Dilmun and the Bahrain / Qatar peninsula as it would have appeared in the days when Allah came through on his Hajj to Mecca. While Dilmun was not as advanced as Sumer in 2000 BC, it was far ahead of the steppes of Europe, where my Dutch ancestors, in 2000 BC, were lopping off each other's heads for fun and eating raw boar for esthetic thrills. While the caliphs of Dilmun reclined in gold embroidered slippers, my kin were clomping through the mud in wooden shoes. How humbling :-)

The whole area consists of several towns such as Barbar, Diraz, Sar, as well as Dilmun. In about 2000 BC the Sumerians gave to this area their gods, Enki, as well as Ea and Enlil. This is startling since the people of this area were Semitic, and later, totally Arab, as they are today. This shows that as the IL / LIL / Allah godhead moved toward Arabia, the Semitic Arabs eagerly added the Sumerian pantheon to their list of worthy gods.

Outside of Barbar are 15,000 burial mounds showing that this was a well established city. Excavations showed these people had sheep, goats, cattle, and of course camels. They drank from fired clay goblets, and used copperware on their tables. A bronze handle to a drill pump showed that they were either manufacturers or clever traders, and their looms, pottery kilns, and fishing equipment indicate they were very diversified.


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Since fresh water is reached at only six feet, they must have had exceptional crops. In recent years a very high yield in cereal grains has been reached. They would have raised wheat, barley, dates, melons, carrots, radishes, and probably cucumbers. Along with the fishing potential in the Gulf, their menu must have been very interesting.

This is the environment to which Haji Allah came as he traveled south along the western shore of the Persian Gulf. The rulers of Dilmun and environs were on intimate terms with the Sumerian rulers of Nippur and Ur III, so Allah's arrival would have been anticipated and welcomed.

Sumer found such distant cities easier to trade with peaceably than to conquer outright, so this assured the Arabs and Ishmaelites of Dilmun a peaceful and prosperous tenure over the centuries. Allah was easy to get along with since he demanded very little from those along his Hajj route, and the Arabs of Dilmun and the surrounding area had plenty of time, from about 2000 to 1000 BC, to get to know Allah very well. (FOOTNOTE 98:  128 / 168-172 / 402-408) It is no wonder that today one out of every three petro-dollars from the United Arab Emirates goes to promote Islam.     (FOOTNOTE 99:  Gleaned from Arab friends.)

Recent discoveries and epigraphic evidences tie Dilmun solidly to ancient Sumer. Let us verify that we are not running down a rabbit trail. We are following the ancient IL heritage of Allah, so, let us end this section with a quote:

An, god of heaven, may have been the main god of the pantheon prior to 2500 BC., although his importance gradually waned. (Kramer 1963 p. 118) In the early days he carried off heaven, while Enlil carried away the earth. (Kramer 1961 p. 37-39) It seems likely that he and Ki/Ninhursag were the progenitors of most of the gods. although in one place Nammu is listed as his wife. (Kramer 1961 p. 114) Among his children and followers were the Anunnaki. (Kramer 1961 p. 53) His primary temple was in Erech. He and Enlil give various gods, goddesses, and kings their earthly regions of influence and their laws. (Kramer 1963 p. 124) Enki seats him at the first seat of the table in Nippur at the feast celebrating his new house in Eridu. (Kramer 1961 p. 63) He hears Inanna's complaint about Mount Ebih (Kur?), but discourages her from attacking it because of its fearsome power. (Kramer 1961 pp. 82-83) After the flood, he and Enlil make Ziusudra immortal and make him live in Dilmun. (Kramer, Samuel Noah, History Begins at Sumer, University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, 1981 p. 98)

That the Sumerians have Enlil assigning gods to Dilmun in 2500 BC shows how very logical it is that Allah, who linguistically evolved much later, should be welcome in Dilmun. But, before we leave Dilmun, let us see if the Persians had any knowledge of the IL and Allah godhead.


More on Dilmun-- Beware of the synergism of the Bible with pagan myths.


See the recently found trade routes in the Empty Quarter of Saudi Arabia from 4000 years ago. This shows that Allah did indeed cross the Empty Quarter to reach the west side of Arabia, for the trade routes from Bahrain, then called Dilmun, would have paralleled the ocean routes of commerce.

Portugese fort on Tarut Island off the coast of Saudi Arabia in the Persian Gulf. Only women may enter the fort now and bath and visit at a pool which dates to the Sumerian era. Under the fort are at least three layers of previous civilizations. On the right is a second view of the fort, courtesy Thomas M. Mathewson
This is the fort under which Binney found the pot sherds from several ancient civilizations.



The Persian Connection

To see how Allah traveled southward along the Persian gulf we need to look at the Persian connection. As I write, Iran, modern day Persia, is a leading player in the affairs of Islam. It should be no surprise that Allah gathered some Persian notions as he passed through. In 1938, the expedition of the Royal Central Asian Society found a temple to the Moon god in the Hadhramaut (South Arabia) out of the town of Mukalla. The find was dated from circa 350 BC. In the excavations, Persian coins were found showing that this currency was in use in the area. Add to this a record of Persian taxation of Yemen, and this is powerful proof that Persian influence had traveled to the back door of Mecca. (FOOTNOTE 100:  195 / 209-210 / 726-727)

What would the Persian and Arab traders have brought with them, first to Dilmun, then on around the corner into the Hadhramaut? Answer: Other than giving Allah a free ride, they brought the Kaaba. We already noted that Kaaba was the goddess of Phoenicia who gave birth on December 25th to a son named Dusares. (FOOTNOTE 101:  89 / 16-17 / 356)

We also find that the word "Ka'bah" comes by way of Persia. In the Sixth International Congress of Iranian Art and Archaeology at Oxford, David Stronach presented a paper on the remains of the tomb of Cyrus at Pasargadae which dated from 525 BC. It had a massive stone foundation with a shrine-house on top. Inside the shrine was a gold coffin containing Cyrus' remains, a couch, and a table with some drinking cups on it. For all his pomp during his lifetime, he seemed to have a very abbreviated expectation for the afterlife. Above the shrine-house was a chamber for the magi who would look after Cyrus' interests in the next life.


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As was the case with most well-planned tombs of ancient kings, Cyrus wrote the inscription ahead of time taking credit for every great thing that he expected to do. As it turned out, he did pretty well at living up to his own prophecies for himself. Our kings, dictators, and presidents today would not dare do such things since they so often die of over-spiced soup or lead poisoning to the brain before they even get the palace rooms aired out and a new bar of soap into the soap dish. In any case, Cyrus called his tomb in the Persian language, "Ka'bah." The graphic shows the Ka'bah of Cyrus-- Ka'aba east.

To see a tomb of Darius, or one of several Kabah, in Persia, CLICK HERE.
Also in photo at left.

His son, Cambyses II, had his own smaller tomb built near papa's, and it was also called a Ka'bah. There may have been some connection to fire worship in these tombs, but it is clear that the word, Ka'bah, in ancient Persia, was associated with tombs. (FOOTNOTE 102:  239 / 313-317 / 1155-1159)

Now here is the problem for Islamic Muslims. The word Ka'aba is used for the stone temple in Mecca which is circled seven times by the pilgrims during their Hajj ritual. "Ka'aba" is NOT an Arab word. It is said by Muslim apologists to be derived from several things, one being that it is the word for "cube" in Arabic.

But the definition which seems to cling to the Arab imagination best is that the "kab," or heel of Muhammed, left the earth last. Some dear follower of Muhammed grabbed his heel, and so the Kaaba sanctifies some aspect of this fable. Nonsense! We have seen in our study of the northern route of Allah's Hajj that "Kaaba" is the goddess of Phoenicia, and we now see that "Ka'bah" is the word for "tomb" in Persia where Allah passed on his southern route to Mecca.

It is very clear that these two heritages were carried in Allah's saddle bags along both of the routes to Arabia, and they met in Mecca to become the shrine of Islam. A tomb of death, in honor of the goddess, was delivered to Mecca by Haji Allah.


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Do you think this is presumptuous? Well, consider another twist in the Persian connection. In 520 BC, soon after Cyrus was laid to rest in his Ka'bah, Darius had built his citadel in a city called Allanush (derived from "Allah"). This was just north of Dilmun, present day Bahrain.

The citadel of Darius was very elaborate, and had much of the grandeur of Nebuchadnezzar's palaces. The empire had faltered since Cyrus' days, and Darius pulled it back together, so a grand headquarters was in order, and naming it Allanush, in honor of Allah, was a clear indication that Allah was well thought of by the pagan Persians. This coinciding of Allah's name in Darius' days with the Ka'bah-tomb of Cyrus shows that Haji Allah migrated, in grand style, to Mecca by way of South Arabia. (FOOTNOTE 103:  115 / 166-167 / 179-180) This shows the heritage of Allah was tied to Persian traders and rulers long before Muhammed, and those Persian traders certainly didn't get Allah from Abraham or Moses.   

What is the transition from Persia to South Arabia? The Persians were literally invited to invade Yemen by the Yemenites. The occupation by Persia resulted, and South Arabia had a highway cleared, from Dilmun to Yemen, over which Allah could travel into Saba.

The people of the peninsula shared the same ethnic heritage, i.e., Semitic. Linguistically, however, they were somewhat divided; the language of the north was Arabic while that of the south was Sabaean. Additionally, thanks to the Ma'arib dam, the south had commanded a successful agriculture and, thereby, continued to enjoy a prosperous economy through trade. Using terraces and dams, the Yemenites irrigated large tracts of inhospitable land, mostly on the slopes of mountains. Their main crops consisted of aromatic plants.1 With frankincense and myrrh in abundance, Yemen entered the spice trade that connected India with the Byzantine and Persian Empires. In fact, it became a port of entry for goods arriving from India and Somalia while contributing its own, gold, frankincense, and myrrh to the trade.2 In time, the spice trade that had promoted Yemeni commerce caused its downfall. In the sixth century, Ethiopia, interested in selling its own ivory in the Byzantine and Persian markets, made a bid to control the Spice Route by invading Yemen. Helpless, Yemen called on Sassanid Iran for protection. The Persians obliged. Rather than by Ethiopia, Yemen was occupied by the Persians for the next 50 years, virtually until Yemen was included in the Islamic Empire. (Samanid Renaissance and Establishment of Tajik Identity by Iraj Bashiri, 1997 )


Later, the Persians, upon embracing Islam, did not abandon their pagan system of worship. Their Ahriman (Alias Rimmon, Rahman, and Brahman) became Sheitan, or Satan. This was a divine mess since Muhammed also used Rahman as a name of the god of Islam. Much later, the Persian's high god, Ormazd, became Allah. This was in about 670 AD when Islam formally took hold in Persia. Persians are Aryan white race people who demand an emotional kick out of their religion (something like the New Age mystics of today).

Such was Abdel-Kedar Jilani. He practiced yoga, levitation, hypnotism, and could listen in on far away conversations long before the CIA was doing it. Please notice his last name-- Jilani. There is IL in a Muslim's name in Persia long after Muhammed had died. IL certainly persisted in the minds of the Middle Eastern pagans, and he definitely made it to Mecca as Allah. (FOOTNOTE 104:  55 / 337-338 / 1590-1591a)

Chosroes II of Persia was the only king outside of Arabia to ever set up any authority in Arabia, and his conquest of Yemen in 620 AD was in the form of tax collecting. His presence in South Arabia near the time of Muhammed's birth is clear proof that the highway to Mecca was paved smooth by Persian paganism on behalf of Haji Allah. (FOOTNOTE 105:  169 / 476 / 40)

South Arabia


Synopsis of Saudi Arabia
NOTE: These three areas were connected by trade routes from the most ancient times, when Arabia was much more temperate, until the present.

THE NAJD (CENTRAL REGION): The Najd is a stony desert plateau at the heart of Saudi Arabia, somewhat isolated from the rest of the peninsula. It was from here that Ibn Saud led his tribe of nomads out to create a new kingdom through conquest. Despite oil wealth, some Najdis still lead a semi-nomadic life, tending camels and sheep, but many have settled in the same towns they once milked for tribute with threats of violence. Watchtowers, standing guard on all the high points in Najd, are a reminder of this age-old conflict between nomad and farmer.

RIYADH: . Riyadh: The royal capital, Riyadh (Ryad), is a modern city built on the site of the first town captured by Ibn Saud, when he stormed the Musmat Fort in 1902 (a spearhead embedded in the main door is said to be the one with which Ibn Saud killed the Turkish governor). Apart from the fort and a few traditional Najdi palaces near Deera Square, little trace of the old town remains. The King’s Camel Races are held near the city in April or May. Other places of interest in Najd are Al-Hair, Aneyzah, Diriya, Hail, Qassim, Shaib Awsat, Shaib Laha, Towqr, Tumair, Wadi-al-Jafi and Wadi Hanifa.

HASA (EASTERN REGION) : Fertile lowland coastal plains inhabited by the kingdom’s Shia minority, who have traditionally lived by fishing, diving for pearls, raising date palms and trading abroad and with the interior. All of Saudi Arabia’s vast stocks of oil lie under Hasa or beneath the Gulf, and the locals are now outnumbered by foreign oil-workers from all over the world. Places retaining some flavour of old Hasa include Hofuf, a lively oasis with Turkish influence and a camel market; Jebel-al-Qara, where the potteries have been worked by eight generations of the same family; Abqaiq, which has a 5000-year-old saltmine, still in operation; the ruined customs house at Uqair, once an important Portuguese port and caravan terminus; and Tarut Island, site of the oldest town on the peninsula, now a picturesque settlement of fishermen and weavers.

The Yemen is at the southwestern corner of the Arabian peninsula and has always been the terminus of ancient and modern trade routes. The pearls, copper, gold, and spices of Sumer, India, and Persia were trans shipped through Dilmun and sent on to The Yemen. Then, the traders, like Muhammed, Kadijah's caravan master, would take them to Mecca and on to the sea.

It is important to understand that, as we talk about Saudi Arabia, we are discussing the geographical area and what happened there in past centuries. The word "Saudi" is not ancient. It is the name added to the word Arabia when the Bani Saud Bedouin tribe took power over central Arabia circa 1925. The other sub sections on this page are all ancient civilizations per se. The reason I have included this section it so that you will see the importance of the Empty Quarter, its overland trade routes, and the Haudramaut shore and ocean route which Allah had to cross to reach Mecca.

You may be convinced by now, but it is important to have a look at the inscriptions that Allah's friends left along the way to Mecca. The south of Arabia is a very fertile and healthy land. It is almost totally neglected by the historians since they don't have much use for the Arabs.



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My theory is that Western historians and their students are mostly interested in technology, war, and sex. South Arabia, for thousands of years, minded its own business, never conquered anyone, and, since then, has changed very little.

The southern Arabs never got into a great war, and they don't have borders like the ones modern map makers try to draw on the sand. Look at a map of Arabia. You will see in the lower part of the peninsula a vast desert called Rub' al Khali, or Empty Quarter. You will also notice that all of the coastal countries that fringe southern Arabia have borders that just run off into dotted lines in the desert. Historians have no respect for people who don't kill a million people to move a line on the map, so they have had very little interest in southern Arabia..

The great desert, The Empty Quarter, is a barrier worse than any sea. It has seven hundred foot high sand dunes which stretch for miles. It has salt flats which have a lake of hot salt soup under a thick top crust through which the traveler and his camel will fall and never escape. The Empty Quarter is very cold at night and fiercely hot during the daytime.

It gets only occasional rains, and when the Bedhoin see a rare thunder storm far away, they race to that location, knowing that when they get there, the shrubs will have greened up just enough to sustain their beloved camels. The few watering springs are far apart, and the water is usually so bad that it is best to let the camels drink, then the Bedhoin later drink the camels' milk. The few oases are not nearly as romantic as those of Western Arabia or Egypt. The only thing a Bedhoin Arab holds dear in the Empty Quarter is his rifle and his camel. (FOOTNOTE 106:  160 / all / 1762; This book is very satisfying reading, though secular.) Islam is not nearly as demanding on him as on his city friends.


Hufuf today
, largest oasis in the world, (also on right, courtesy Thomas M. Mathewson) on the trade route from the Persian Gulf overland to The Yemen and Mecca.
There need be no speculation that there were city cultures here back into the times of Noah, maybe before the flood. Allah would have been very comfortable here in view of the archeological discoveries found in this valley. Here is the Turkish fort at Hufuf.

It is my opinion that the virtual river flowing out of the ground here is water from the fountains of the deep which was not totally depleted by Noah's Flood. There is NO rain source that explains the amount of water here.

Gerrah has been identified by Strbo and others as being in the neighborhood of the Persian Guld near Dilmun. It is thought to be the home of some of the sons of Hagar, the concubine of Abraham. Ancient historians have reported this.
Read a larger account of these tribes and the city state of Gerrah.


Even today, with modern transportation, it is common to see a Southern Arab driving a Datsun pick-up truck with a camel in the back. The camel may be reduced to the role of spare tire, but his future seems to be integrally knit with the Arab's future. A U.S. Air Force friend of mine returned from Desert Storm and told me that he lived in beautiful apartments while he was stationed in Riyadh. They had been built by the Arabian government for the desert Bedhoin to induce them to come to town and become civilized. There was even a camel stable added to the usual car park. The Bedhoin flatly refused to move to town. They are a people of the desert, and cannot be supervised by anyone, and they are not very impressed with "civilization."

Now I told you about the Empty Quarter for this reason. Only the most hardy Bedhoin and a few mad explorers have made it across the empty quarter on foot. And, as you might guess, most of the explorers were Englishmen. They DO "go out in the noonday sun," but in Arabia even the dogs know better! What we have learned from these fearless explorers is that all trade, travel, migration, and attempts at conquest, for all of history, have come either down the Jordan valley via North Arabia, or they have come along the west coast of the Persian Gulf and along the southern shore of Arabia where the Indian Ocean moderates the climate.  NO conqueror ever crossed the Empty Quarter ( See graphic satellite view at right ).


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This nomadic spirit of the Bedhoin even spilled over into the outside world.  In fact, the Sultan of Oman once ruled his Arabian empire from Zanzibar, or Zinj, as the East African coast was known in 500 AD. This Arab rule in Zanzibar lasted well into the 20th century under the rule of the Sultans of Zanzibar. (FOOTNOTE 107: The Lunatic Express, Chalres Miller, Ballantine, NY; Chap 1; Heroes of The dark Continent, J.W. Buel, Hunt and Eaton, NY, p. 107-110, Chap. 25.) This independent spirit is why there is very little evidence of Allah in the Empty Quarter, and it explains why the Bedhoin were the last to accept Muhammed's cult. Nomadic people are seldom evangelized by "civilized" deities.

<---Rub' al Khali, or Empty Quarter

To see a photo op (well, a steel block etching) of the Sultan of Zanzibar,

I hope you can see how the more settled Arabs of South Arabia, known as the Sabaeans, came to be very isolated from the rest of the world, but especially from nations to the immediate north. All of their commerce had to come around the great Empty Quarter.

So the inscriptions in the stones along the way, and in the temples of their various cults, were the result of some very zealous migration by far away gods. In reality, this migration was by those who traveled into Southern Arabia to trade or plunder.

I am sorry we don't have time to take the usual walk-about in the Hadhramaut, but that might be a nice thing for you to do in person. The Yemen is no longer saddled with Marxism and is now trying to create a tourist trade. It has a beautiful high altitude climate, ancient history, and the best coffee in the world.

Taken together, The Yemen, and Ethiopia just across the Red Sea, are perhaps the most neglected, yet the most intriguing, of the Semitic nations. The Roman Church, and the commercial vultures of the tourist industry, have not yet deformed some of these hidden treasures.

To see the ancient capital of Ethiopia, Gondar, CLICK HERE.

Photo page of modern activity, but it shows the dunes in the Empty Quarter

More Photos of The Empty Quarter


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Having set forth this picture, I now list in a somewhat technical way the various inscriptions found in South Arabia that relate to Allah and show he came this way on his Hajj. As I said, inscriptions cap off the claims of history, so this is needed, even if we consider only a fraction of those available. The land of southern Arabian inscriptions is Saba.




This trade route and overland commercial association between Bahrain, Petra, and Palmyra is possibly the most powerful case for showing that the Allah cult would have travelled OVERLAND VERY well from the Persian Gulf to Mecca from all points west.

The following is from an archive at the University of Washington. The rest of the account can be read there at:


11.4. The city of Angu ?? [An-ku] = Gerrha or modern Thaj. It seems probable that the ‘Angu’ of the Weilue refers to the ancient trading city of Gerrha, and its port on the Arabian coast of the Persian Gulf. We are told that to travel by boat from Angu to Haixi [= Egypt] with favourable winds took two months and with slow winds half a year. In Section 16 of the text it says that that, from Zesan, “can take half a year to cross the water, but with fast winds it takes a month” (to reach Lüfen, which is only a short distance by land and “across the sea” by a very long bridge from Haixi or Egypt). So, it is reasonable to deduce that Zesan was approximately half way between Angu to Egypt, and the northern part of Azania fits this description remarkably well. Gerrha admirably fits the statements in the Weilue that Angu is, “on the frontier of Anxi (Parthia)” and is in close communication with Zesan [= Azania].”

“There was more about Gerrha [in the Greek and Roman writers] than about any other place in Arabia, but even so it was not more than could be committed to a small piece of paper. Oddly enough, in Arrian’s description of Alexander’s preparation for a campaign against Arabia, including the coastal explorations of 323 B.C., there was not the slightest mention of Gerrha. But Eratosthenes, writing about a hundred years after Alexander, tells of the merchants of Gerrha carrying their spices and incense overland to Mesopotamia. This is contradicted by Aristobulus, says Strabo, who tells that the merchants travelled by raft to Babylonia. Strabo, who wrote in the last two decades B.C., quotes Artemidorus, of the previous century, as saying: “By the incense trade . . . the Gerrhaei have become the richest of all tribes, and possess a great quantity of wrought articles in gold and silver, such as couches, tripods, basins, drinking vessels; to which we must add the costly magnificence of their houses; for the doors, walls, and roof are variegated with inlaid ivory, gold, silver, and precious stones.” The historian Polybius about the same time tells of a campaign of the Seleucid king, Antiochus III, who took a fleet along the Arabian coast in 205 B.C., with the intention of conquering Gerrha; but he was persuaded by large presents of silver and precious stones, to leave the city unharmed. There was thus little doubt that in the first, second, and third centuries B.C. Gerrha was an exceedingly wealthy city, trading overland and by sea in aromatics, presumably the frankincense of the Hadramaut. Strabo even tells us where Gerrha lay, but his account is difficult to interpret. Gerrha, he says, is “a city situated on a deep gulf; it is inhabited by the Chaldeans, exiles from Babylon; the soil contains salt and the people live in houses made of salt. . . . The city is about 200 stadia” – about 60 miles [actually only about 37 km – as 1 Greek stadium = 185 metres] – “distant from the sea.” And you sail “onward,” he says, from Gerrha to Tylos and Arados, which are the Bahrain islands. The elder Pliny, writing in the middle of the first century A.D., is more explicit, and I knew the description by heart. Describing the Arabian shore of the Gulf he comes to the island of Ichara, which must be our Ikaros, and then the Gulf of Capeus, and then the Gulf of Gerrha. “Here we find the city of Gerrha, five miles [five Roman miles = 7.41 km] in circumference, with towers built of square blocks of salt. Fifty miles [74.1 km] from the coast, lying in the interior, is the region of Attene, and opposite to Gerrha is the island of Tylos, an equal number of miles distant from the coast; it is famous for the vast numbers of its pearls . . .” Tylos, we knew, was Bahrain, and the region of Attene fifty miles inland was normally believed to be the Hofuf oasis. . . .” Bibby (1970), pp. 317-318.

D.T. Potts has, I believe, convincingly identified the town of Gerrha with modern Thaj, and located the port of Gerrha near the modern port of al-Jubayl:

“A recent attempt by W. W. Müller to deduce the Semitic origin of the Greek name ‘Gerrha’ has important implications for the solution to the problem of the site’s location. Müller postulates that the ancient Hasaitic designation for ‘the city’ would have been *han-Hagar, from which an Aramaicized ‘Hagara-’ could have developed. As the use of Aramaic in this area is well-attested (see ch. 5 below), this presents no difficulties. From the form ‘Hagara-’, then, the Greek form ‘Gerrha’ can be derived. The application of the term ha—ar to a walled city with towers and bastions was stressed by H. Von Wissmann in his final, posthumously published work on Sabaean history. If a similar usage obtained in north-eastern Arabia where, as we have seen, the South Arabian alphabet was used in the indigenous Hasaitic inscriptions, then one immediately thinks of Thaj as a likely candidate for the site of ancient Gerrha. Pliny’s statement that Gerrha ‘measures five miles round and has towers made of squared blocks of salt’ is, moreover, reminiscent of the white limestone city wall at Thaj discussed above; nor are there any other sites of the period in eastern Arabia which fit such a description. Finally, if we remember the admittedly rough calculation of the distance between Gerrha and Teredon which brought us to the region of al-Jubayl, it is interesting to note that this is in fact Thaj’s traditional and indeed only outlet to the sea. Thus, there exists at least a strong possibility that Thaj and al-Jubayl are the sites of the inland town of Gerrha and its coastal port.” Potts (1990), pp. 89-90.

“As we have seen, Androsthenes’ information on Tylos [modern Bahrain], and by extension that of Theophrastus, can be dated to the lifetime of Alexander. Some of Pliny’s material, such as the parts drawn from Juba, can be dated roughly to the time of Christ, around the middle of the Parthian period. When we move into the second century AD, an altogether different perspective on Bahrain is afforded by an important inscription discovered during the 1939-40 season of excavations at Palmyra. The text belongs to a group of Palmyrene texts known as ‘caravan inscriptions’, in which a prominent citizen was honoured by his compatriots for services rendered in the caravan trade between Palmyra and Babylonia. In this case, the text records that in AD131 the Palmyrene merchants of Spasinou Charax erected a statue at Palmyra in honour of Iarhai, son of Nebozabad. What makes this text so important, however, is the added fact that Iarhi is said to have served as ‘satrap of the Thilouanoi for Meredat, king of Spasinou Charax’. Spasinou Charax, a city located near modern Basra in the southernmost Babylonian province of Mesene, was the capital of the small but important kingdom of Characene. Situated in the shadow of Parthia, this kingdom enjoyed commercial success and attendant fame out of all proportion to its size, since Spasinou Charax was the most important Babylonian port of call for ships arriving laden with luxury goods from the East during the first century BC and the first two centuries AD. Palmyrene traders, as purveyors of these Eastern goods to Roman Syria and ultimately to the wider Mediterranean world, had established permanent colonies at Babylon, Vologesias, and, most importantly, at Spasinou Charax. The Palmyrene caravan inscriptions leave us in no doubt that Palmyrene commerce with the kingdom of Characene was a great success. Given the close commercial ties between Charax and the Palmyrene community, therefore, it is hardly surprising that the king of Charax should have employed a citizen of Palmyra in a political capacity, as satrap of the Thilouanoi. For many years, however, scholars did not recognise the significance of the satrapal name implied here. It was not until 1968, when a collection of notes completed by E. Herzfeld in 1948 was published posthumously, that the meaning became clear. The Thilouanoi were the inhabitants of Thiloua or Thilouos, which name is clearly an Aramaicised form of ‘Tylos’ [modern Bahrain]. Thus, by the early second century AD Bahrain was a satrapy of the kingdom of Characene. Meredat will be dealt with in greater detail in Chapter 6 below, but it is important to note that, as we now know from a Graeco-Parthian inscription recently discovered at Seleucia-on-Tigris, he was a member of a high-ranking Parthian family. Thus, as a Parthian on the Characene throne, his rule represented an extension of Parthian influence over Charax and the Gulf. That he came into conflict with other branches of the Parthian nobility, however, is likely, and twenty years after he was mentioned in the inscription from Palmyra, he was driven off the Characene throne by the Parthian king Vologases IV and heard of no more. From this time on, a more purely Parthian political presence was established in the central Arabian Gulf. . . . ” Potts (1990), pp. 145-146.

Although modern Thaj is situated well inland, there are some recent indications that the town may, during historical times, have actually been at the edge of a large inlet that joined with the Persian Gulf itself (thus averting the need for a separate port)....

17.1. Qielan ?? [Ch’ieh-lan] is said in the text to be 3,000 li (1,248 km) due west of Sitao ?? = Istakhr or Stakhr, and 600 li (250 km) east of Sifu ?? = Petra. Now, if the identification of Sifu as Petra is accepted (see note 19.1), then Qielan must be somewhere around 250 km east of Petra. About 250 km east of Petra the old caravan trail reached the first wells the great shallow valley of Wadi Sirhan which stretched southeast about 400 kilometres from the oasis of Azraq in Syria to the oasis of Jauf in northern Saudi Arabia. From Jauf there were well-used caravan routes to the head of the Persian Gulf and to Gerrha (= modern Thaj – see note 11.4) on the western coast of the Persian Gulf.......

Badana (east of Jauf and on one route to southern Mesopotamia) is also found in ancient texts, as is a kingdom of Hagar in North East Arabia. Also in East Arabia, though the exact location is disputed, was the great trading city of Gerrha. There is also a great ruined city nowadays called Thaj, and there is some evidence that this may also have been its ancient name. Finally, in central Arabia, on the north-eastern edge of the Empty Quarter, was a large and very wealthy trading city called in antiquity Qaryat Dhat Kahil (modern Qaryat al-Faw).

“The spectacular rise and development of the Nabataean kingdom to great wealth and power between the first centuries B.C. and A.D. may be attributed in part to the fact that it was situated on important trade routes between Arabia and Syria. Along them were carried not only the spices and incense of southern Arabia, but also goods which had been transported from Africa, India and very possibly even from China. Heavily laden caravans converged on the great trade emporium of Petra, with some of them coming from the related centres of Meda’in Saleh and Teima in Arabia. Other caravans came from as far away as Gerrha on the Persian Gulf. Both in Petra and Meda’in Saleh, bold architects carved buildings out of the solid rock, as if they were slicing through the most insubstantial material.

“It is difficult to demonstrate from textual sources exactly when and how the camel breeders took over the incense trade. The process was a gradual one, as has already been pointed out. The Nabataeans of Petra, Strabo’s “hucksters and merchants,” had definitely become an important factor in the trade by the first century B.C., and by the first century A.D. they probably controlled the desert route as far north as Damascus. Another entrepot, Gerrha, which was not peopled by camel herders, transshipped incense northward to Babylonia by sea in the fourth century B.C., according to Aristobulus who should have been in a good position to know having accompanied Alexander on his campaigns. But two centuries later in the time of Diodorus, Gerrha’s trade had become redirected overland to Petra. Bulliet (1975), p. 100.


The Kingdom of Saba, the Sabaeans, was a Semitic empire established as early as 1000 BC, and it survived until about 300 AD. That is startling compared to the world's recent empires. The Soviet Socialist empire recently collapsed after only 70 years. The United States "empire" is just over 200 years old, and all of the classic signs of collapse are now present. Again I note how the historians take little notice of the strong unless they are strong in puerile western terms.

Saba was the empire from which the Queen of Sheba came to visit Solomon. Saba was also the origin of the Habasha who crossed the Red Sea to become the Ethiopians. Maryab was the capitol of Saba, and their caravans reached to Nineveh and, by sea, to India and Zanzibar. In fact, there is some possibility they circumnavigated Africa since their ships sailed the Mediterranean Sea.

The capital city, Maryab, is now a great mound of debris with modern Marib nearby. In 1951, Dr. Albert Jamme did a great work in the area by collecting and deciphering many inscriptions. He was finally run out of town by local government officials who distrusted his motives.

My inscription evidence is largely from Jamme's book, Sabaean Inscriptions From Mahram Bilqis, which he presented to the American Foundation for the Study of Man in 1962. I begin by noting that LIL / IL is in the name of the town or area of his searching, Bilqis that is. I shall use his numberings which are in common use as far as I know. If you want the actual inscriptions in Arabic or the English translation, please send for them or check a university library. (Prefix "Ja" before each index number for further folio studies):

559- Inscription in yellow sand stone. The inscription is a record of how the Rulers erected a bronze statue to ILumquh, the deity of choice. `ILumquh should be pronounced, `ILU-mquh, ILU being translated, "the god." Who "mquh" is, or if it is simply an attribute, is uncertain. On line 7, 11, 13, 18, and 20 ILumquh is mentioned. This is a god name based on the IL root which we have shown is also the root of Allah. Attar is also mentioned, and this is a deity based upon Ishtar, which became Ashtart, and finally Athtar in the Oman region.


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In Saba, Attar is the survivor, and she is hermaphroditic, that is, in Saba she became masculine. Perhaps this hermaphroditic rarity accounts for the error by some writers who imagine Allah was a moon god. Some Arab rock carver might have transposed Allah and Allat in this way, and their isolated inscription would lead the less cautious historian astray. On line 18 the word used for "the gods" is `Lyhmw. The root of the god name is IL, Allah's ancestor.

568- Again, the rulers erected a statue to ILumquh, and they wanted to get the official credit. In this inscription ILumquh is named seven times, and again Attar gets used once. It is also of note that the king's name was ILsarah. This sounds like a Semitic transliteration of Iswara which is found in Persia and India. The IL in the king's name shows the commonness of IL in Saba.

The ILsarah connection to Iswara of Persia and India points to the name Isa, which Islam erroneously claims is the Arabic name of Jesus. In fact, Isa is the name given to the second group of Upanishads who transported Aryan pagan notions from Persia to India in about 700 BC. This will be discussed later as it relates to the name of Jesus in Arabic.

569- Here, ILsarah, the same king as above, dedicated a female statue to ILumquh, the male god. It would seem that this was an effort to please the god's libido. IL had his needs met, and this shows how the Arab has always thought of the gods as needing a consort. Allah was no exception since we find him in the company of a lady, or goddess, all the way from Enlil and Ninlil in Sumer to Allah's and Allat's divine household in Mecca. Muhammed's "Satanic Verse" blunder shows how even he had a hard time giving up this bed-chamber theology.

605- Another statue is dedicated to `ILumquh to protect the son of an influential family. Again, the name `ILumquh is used several times and ILsarah, king of Saba, is referred to with respect. It seems that ILsarah was on very good terms with `ILumquh, and winning the favor of both was propitious.

606- Another pair of statues is dedicated to `ILumquh, this time at the orders of an oracle. This shows that the statue dedications were a sort of purchase of indulgence, as found in the Roman Catholic Church, where certain acts gain exemptions from future evil. This, of course, is sub-christian paganism, whether in South Arabia or in Rome. The pleadings by king Watarum Yuha`min, the son of king ILsarah, sound very humble and sincere. A second stone with an identical inscription was found. It had a couple of typographical errors, so it was either a rejected copy, or it may be the first archaeological evidence for, "get it in duplicate."


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631- Two bronze statues are dedicated again to `ILumquh. We wonder, with a former single female statue being seen, if the 631 statues were not male and female. This would fit the ongoing Babylonian theology of the day. The statues were a thanks-offering to `ILumquh for helping the kings, Sumharum Yuhawlid and Qatban `Awkam, in "killing, eradicating, destroying, beheading, cutting, crushing, humbling, repelling, seizing, capturing, plundering, and rejoicing with war" in the defeat of the Habasites of Aksuman.

This was an attack on the Ethiopian descendants of Arabia, who had set up an empire across the Red Sea in ancient Aksum and had returned in an effort to enlarge their empire back into southern Arabia. The inscription refers to their "Negus," whom the Sabaean kings defeated.

Heilie Sallassie I, killed in 1975 by the Kissinger-Ford financed Communists, was Emperor of Ethiopia and descended from these Aksumites. King Qatban has descendants today in Arabia who are known as the Bani Qatab, which shows that the Arabs know how to keep the "bounds of their habitation" (Acts 17:26) for as long as 3000 years. This, contrary to the exaltation of mixture found in the white race, is exactly what God desires, and it refutes the notion that the ancient Ishmaelites could not persist through the ages and into the present.

The Bible says they have, and South Arabia shows how easily the purity of Arab blood has been retained. It is common for mixed-blood Aryans, who have been mongrelized for thousands of years, to assume that no group could retain its racial purity. I, a mongrel Dutch, Cherokee, English, German, Irishman, say that charitably, of course.

643- There seems to be no statue involved, but Karib`IL is thanking `ILumquh for helping him defeat Yada`IL, king of Hadhramaut, who attacked Karib`IL. Along with the usual `ILumquh usages, it is important to note the use of IL in the name of both the conqueror and the vanquished. Again, IL, the Allah root name, is found in common use.

644- Another statue is dedicated to `ILumquh for saving the son of Sara`atat `Aswa from dying of disease. The writer asks also that `ILumquh will cause the rulers of the area to be kind to him. Was the writer a bit tired of war? He includes the king of Yamnat, which is Yemen. This shows that the IL consciousness was well rooted in Yemen, just south of Mecca. See the map on page 127.

671- Tar`an Yuhan`im and As`ar, his son, are thanking `ILumquh for helping them in a military expedition. The two kings who ruled Saba, the Hadhramaut, Raydan, and Yamnat (Yemen) asked Tar`an and As`ar to "take command of the army of the Arabs" to restore a dam that burst and was threatening some artistic structure. This seems to be the first case of the Army Corps of Engineers coming to the rescue of flood victims.

Albert Jamme had many more inscriptions, as you can see from the high numbers, but these will give you enough evidence to show that the whole of southern Arabia was saturated with the consciousness of the high god who was a LIL / IL derived deity. (FOOTNOTE 108:  75 / ix, x, 28, 52-54, 105-106, 132-133, 144-145, 176-177 / 1206-21)


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Thus, we now know that the concept of Allah was not new to South Arabia. Rather; the high god of all Arabs, north and south, was Allah from ancient pagan Sumer and Babylon. In South Arabia we found that Allah was not the Moon god, as some have claimed. The Moon god in South Arabia was Wadd, and he was found nowhere else.

The Moon deity of Mecca was Allat, who came to town from the north, while she was nearly lost along the way in the south. By the time Haji Allah arrived in Mecca from South Arabia, Wadd had the Moon all to himself in south Arabia.

We have seen Haji Allah's migration pattern from Babylon to Dilmun, and from Dilmun to South Arabia. It is interesting also that place names all over South Arabia are prefixed with Ba`al just as they were in Canaan and Phoenicia. (FOOTNOTE 109:  154 / 94-95 / 885)

We can now see from the map (page 115) that we have arrived with Haji Allah, and the LIL / IL cult of Sumer and Babylon, just 400 kilometers, or 250 miles, south of Mecca.

It is an easy stroll northward, up the well-worn frankincense road, to Mecca, where the

Kouraish are custodians to a legendary temple. Haji Allah has a new name for that temple in his saddle bags, that is, Kaaba. This last section of the trade routes is the path which was most likely used to haul the gold of Ophar from Africa to Solomon's treasury.

Useful discussion of Saba and its history


Yemen Photo Gallery

Please read more about Saba and the erroneous effort of Robert Morey as he tried to make Allah the moon god.



As we look at Haji Allah in Mecca, knowing he came to town from Babylon, and traveling from north, south, and from the Persian Gulf on in the east, it is with the realization that he would have been here as early as 2000 BC.  This is because Mecca was on the earliest of both the northern and southern trade routes, and the sons of Hagar, Abraham's cocubine, and living along the Persian Gulf, would traded with Petra even earlier.

So, how did the Meccans think of Allah before Muhammed took out a patent on him?

Actually, Allah was a bit of a generic god. He had come from the ancient past, and the Meccans were far more interested in Allat, Al-Uzza, and Manat, and the stone that fell from heaven, the one now embedded in the corner of the Kaaba. As we have discussed before, Mecca itself was a filthy, dry, dust hole along the trade route.

To see Mecca of many years past, CLICK HERE

The Kouraish tribe had forced their will upon the Arabs nearby, and they convinced thousands of travelers from Arabia and beyond that they ought to come to the Kaaba to worship. Satan and 360 pagan gods were all present to receive them, and a pre-Islamic haji pilgrim could be sure to find one of his gods there to receive his devotions. This is a classic case of pagan ecumenism on the order of the present day World Council of Churches.


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I trust you are not too exhausted by the double Hajj we have just taken. While we have proved that Haji Allah was derived from the ancient pagan gods of Shinar, we have neglected his consort, Allat. In the next chapter we will get better acquainted with her.


This aerial view of the holy city of Islam
shows you that, though modern
development crowds around the Grand Mosque as if to choke it into obscurity,
the city is still dry and dead looking,
just as it was 3000 years ago when Allah
and Allat arrived there to set up house.


Page 150



The topics are all centered on finding Gerrha, and all the surrounding
eras of ancient activity that brought Allah along the way to Yemen and Mecca.
This is not dull reading if you have any interest in archaeology.








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